Phytochemical Screening, GCMS and FTIR Profile of Bioactive Compounds in Solanum lycopersicum Wild Fruits collected from Palani Hill Ranges of the Western Ghats

  • S. Ramya PG Department of Zoology, Yadava College (Men), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India
  • M. Chandran Department of Zoology, Thiruvalluvar University, Serkadu, Vellore-632115, TN, India
  • Immanuel J. King Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India
  • R. Jayakumararaj Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India
  • T. Loganathan Department of Plant Biology & Plant Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri, TN, India
  • G. Pandiarajan Department of Botany, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India
  • P. Kaliraj Department of Zoology, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India
  • G Grace Lydial Pushpalatha PG Department of Botany, Sri Meenakshi Government Arts College, Madurai – 625002, TN, India
  • G.C. Abraham PG & Research Department of Botany, The American College, Madurai – 625002, TamilNadu, India
  • V. Vijaya Department of Botany, EMG Yadava College (Women), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India
  • Devaraj Aruna Director, Rajendra Herbal Research Centre, NRMC, Periyakulam Theni District, TamilNadu, India
  • S. Sutha Department of Medicinal Botany, Govt. Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ram Chand Dhakar Hospital Pharmacy, SRG Hospital & Medical College Jhalawar-326001, Rajasthan, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8250-8489

Abstract

Tomatoes are consumed worldwide as fresh vegetables because of their high contents of essential nutrients and antioxidant-rich phytochemicals. Tomatoes contain minerals, vitamins, proteins, essential amino acids (Leucine, Threonine, Valine, Histidine, Lysine, Arginine), monounsaturated fatty acids (Linoleic and Linolenic Acids), Carotenoids (Lycopene and β-Carotenoids) and Phytosterols (β-Sitosterol, Campesterol and Stigmasterol). GCMS analysis revealed the presence of 3-methylheptane, Ethylcyclohexane, 2-Methyl-4,6-octadiyn-3-one, 5,6-Dimethylundecane, (3E)3-Hexen-2-one, 2,2-Dimethylbutane, 1,2-Diphenyl-1-butanone, Isopropylbenzene (2-phenylpropane), 3,5-Dimethyloctane, 2-Phenyl-3-buten-1-ol, 2,4,4-Trimethylhexane, Benzoylcarboxaldehyde (Phenylglyoxal), Cis-3-Methyl-Endo-Tricyclo [5.2.1.0(2.6)] Decane, 2,4-Dimethylhexan-3-One, Benzene acetic acid,2-phenylethyl ester, Cyclopentacycloheptene, 2,3-Heptanedione, 1,6-Methano[10] annulene, 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid, methyl ester, N,N-Dimethylmethanesulfonamide, Methyl tridecanoate, Cis 9-Octadecanoic acid, Methyl 15-methylheptadecanoate, 9-Octadecenoic acid, Methyl (Z)-octadec-9-enoate, (Z)-octadec-9-enamide, Methyl 2-ethyl-2-methylicosanoate, 1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,12a-tetradecahydrobenzo [10] annulene Caffeic acid, Catechin, Chlorogenic acid, Chrysin, Cinnamic acid, Epicatechin, Ferulic acid, Kaempferol, Luteolin, Lycopene, Naringenin, P-coumaric acid, Phloretic acid, Quercetin, Resveratrol, Rutin, Sinapic acid, Vanillic acid. Lycopene, the main dietary carotenoid in tomato and tomato-based food products and lycopene consumption by humans has been reported to protect against Cancer, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cognitive function and Osteoporosis. Among phenolic compounds present in tomato, Quercetin, Kaempferol, Naringenin, Caffeic Acid and Lutein are the most common. These compounds have significant antioxidant properties and are effective in protecting human body against oxidative stress-related diseases.


Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum; Phytochemical Screening; GCMS; FTIR

Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum, Phytochemical Screening, GCMS, FTIR

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Author Biographies

S. Ramya, PG Department of Zoology, Yadava College (Men), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India

PG Department of Zoology, Yadava College (Men), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India

M. Chandran, Department of Zoology, Thiruvalluvar University, Serkadu, Vellore-632115, TN, India

Department of Zoology, Thiruvalluvar University, Serkadu, Vellore-632115, TN, India

Immanuel J. King, Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India

Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India

R. Jayakumararaj, Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India

Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai District, TN, India

T. Loganathan, Department of Plant Biology & Plant Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri, TN, India

Department of Plant Biology & Plant Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri, TN, India

G. Pandiarajan, Department of Botany, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India

Department of Botany, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India

P. Kaliraj, Department of Zoology, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India

Department of Zoology, Sri S Ramasamy Naidu Memorial College (A), Sattur - 626203 TN, India

G Grace Lydial Pushpalatha, PG Department of Botany, Sri Meenakshi Government Arts College, Madurai – 625002, TN, India

PG Department of Botany, Sri Meenakshi Government Arts College, Madurai – 625002, TN, India

G.C. Abraham, PG & Research Department of Botany, The American College, Madurai – 625002, TamilNadu, India

PG & Research Department of Botany, The American College, Madurai – 625002, TamilNadu, India

V. Vijaya, Department of Botany, EMG Yadava College (Women), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India

Department of Botany, EMG Yadava College (Women), Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TN, India

Devaraj Aruna, Director, Rajendra Herbal Research Centre, NRMC, Periyakulam Theni District, TamilNadu, India

Director, Rajendra Herbal Research Centre, NRMC, Periyakulam Theni District, TamilNadu, India

S. Sutha, Department of Medicinal Botany, Govt. Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Medicinal Botany, Govt. Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

Ram Chand Dhakar, Hospital Pharmacy, SRG Hospital & Medical College Jhalawar-326001, Rajasthan, India

Hospital Pharmacy, SRG Hospital & Medical College Jhalawar-326001, Rajasthan, India

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Ramya S, Chandran M, King IJ, Jayakumararaj R, Loganathan T, Pandiarajan G, Kaliraj P, Grace Lydial Pushpalatha G, Abraham G, Vijaya V, Aruna D, Sutha S, Dhakar RC. Phytochemical Screening, GCMS and FTIR Profile of Bioactive Compounds in Solanum lycopersicum Wild Fruits collected from Palani Hill Ranges of the Western Ghats. JDDT [Internet]. 15Nov.2022 [cited 9Dec.2022];12(6):56-4. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5665

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