Protection of histomorphology of vital organs by methanolic seed extract of Nigella sativa against cadmium-induced tissue injuries in rats

Abstract

Background: Chemical-induced organ injuries have been on a fast rise for decades and these injuries have become common causes of mortality and morbidity in the society. Edible plant materials with medicinal properties have been used for treating various diseases for many centuries in folk medicine. Recently, the role of food or medicinal plants in human health has received considerable attention. Traditional uses of N. sativa seed range from soothing wounds to remedying cough, eczema, diabetes, inflammation of the bronchi and tooth aches; and these point to substantial tissue effects.


Objective: We investigated the protective effects of methanolic seed extract of Nigella sativa (MENS) against cadmium-induced histomorphological alterations in heart, kidney and liver tissues of albino rats.


Methods: Twenty five (25) male albino rats, weighing (200±20g), were randomly grouped into five groups: A, B, C, D, and E. Group B (Negative Control) received intraperitoneal administration of cadmium chloride (CdCl2, 5mg/kg) only, group C received CdCl2 and low dose MENS (300mg/kg, oral), group D received CdCl2 and high dose MENS (600mg/kg, oral), and group E (Positive control) received CdCl2 and Vitamin C (200mg/kg, oral), for 14 days. Group A (Normal control) received no administration. Heart, kidney and liver were harvested for histopathological analyses.


Results: Cadmium (CdCl2) induced significant histomorphological changes in the studied organs, and the heart was the most damaged of all the organs studied; however a significantly ameliorative effect by methanolic seed extracts was observed.


Conclusion: Nigella sativa seed extract is potentially tissue-protective against harmful chemical toxins like cadmium.


 

Keywords: anticardiotoxic, cadmium, Nigella sativa, medicinal food, antinephrotoxic, ethnopharmacology, antihepatotoxic

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Author Biographies

Emeka Cyprian Oguji, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Chibueze Joseph Obigeorge, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Johnson Obiechina Omeh, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Amechi Jnr. Odeku, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Tachia Jaclyn Wanger, Department of Physics, University of Agriculture, Markurdi, Benue, Nigeria

Department of Physics, University of Agriculture, Markurdi, Benue, Nigeria

Chukwuebuka Abel Udeh, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Chidubem John Ochi, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Kosisochukwu Doris Ogbonna, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Amarachi Chioma Ikekpeazu, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Chinecherem Maudlyne Nnam, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Ikenna Kingsley Uchendu, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

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1.
Oguji EC, Obigeorge CJ, Omeh JO, Odeku AJ, Wanger TJ, Udeh CA, Ochi CJ, Ogbonna KD, Ikekpeazu AC, Nnam CM, Uchendu IK. Protection of histomorphology of vital organs by methanolic seed extract of Nigella sativa against cadmium-induced tissue injuries in rats. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jun.2021 [cited 29Jul.2021];11(3-S):19-6. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4822