In vitro efficacy of fungicides on mycelial growth and spore germination of Alternaria alternata and Mucor plumbeus
Tomato fruits were infected by various pathogens especially fungal pathogens under storage conditions as well as in field conditions. It was revealed that tomato fruits are attacked by Alternaria alternata causing Alternaria rot of tomato and Mucor plumbeus causing Mucor rot of tomato. Antifungal activity of some fungicides was undertaken during the present study. Different concentrations of fungicides brought about significant reduction in the mycelial growth and spore germination of Alternaria alternata and Mucor plumbeus under in vitro conditions. Hexaconozole proved highly effective in inhibiting the mycelial growth and spore germination of Alternaria alternata followed by carbendazim and copper oxychloride respectively. However, the most effective fungicide in inhibiting the mycelial growth and spore germination of Mucor plumbeus was hexaconozole followed by carbendazim and copper oxychloride respectively.
Keywords: In vitro, fungicides, Alternaria alternata and Mucor plumbeus, mycelial growth, spore germination
2. Snowdon AL. A colour atlas of post-harvest diseases and disorders of fruits and vegetables. Vol. 1 Wolfe scientific Ltd. London.1990.672Pp.
3. HemaMoorthy T. Prakasam V. First Report of Penicillium expansum causing bulb rot of Lilium in India. American-Eurasian J. Agric. and Environ. Sci., 2013. 13(3): 293-295.
4. Parveen S. Wani AH. In vitro efficacy of some fungicides and plant extracts on Mucor piriformes Fisher causing posthsrvest rot of peach in Kashmir valley. Trends in Biosciences, 2015. 8(3): 620-627.
5. Nwankiti AO. Kalu AD. Ene LSO. Seed yam production by minisett technique. Varietals responses to curing treatment as alternative to chemical seed dressing. Nigerian Journal of Plant Protection, 1990.13: 1-5.
6. Ellis MB. Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, England. 1971. Pp 508.
7. Barnett HL. Hunter BB. Illustrated genera of Imperfect Fungi, 3rd Edition. Burgess Publishing Company. Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1972, Pp 241.
8. Watanabe T. Pictorial Atlas of Soil and Seed Fungi: morphologies of cultured fungi and key to species, 2nd ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. 2002, pp. 504.
9. Gilman JC. A Manual of Soil Fungi. Iowa State University Press, Ames. 2008, pp 382.
10. Tomkin RG. Trout SA. Pricking by entomological pins (C-Dass Gupta and Mandal: 1989), 1931.
11. Adams PB. Wong JAL. The effect of chemical pesticides on the infection of sclerotia of Sclerotinia minor by the biocontrol agent, Sporidesmium sclerotivorum. Phytopathology. 1991. 81: 1340–1343.
12. Kiraly Z. Klement Z. Solymosy F. Voros J. Methods in Plant Pathology with Special Reference to Breeding for Resistance. Elsevier Publishing, New York. 1974, 212.
13. Splittstoesser DF. Fruits and fruit products. pp. 101-128. In: Food and Beverage Mycology. (Ed.): L. Beuchat. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York 1987.
14. Adaskaveg JE. Forster H. Sommer NF. Principles of post-harvest pathology and management of decays of edible horticultural crops. In: Post-harvest Technology of Horticultural Crops, (Eds.): A.A. Kader. Vol.3311. University of California Publication, California, 2002. pp. 163-195.
15. Forster H. Driever GF. Thompson DC. Adaskaveg JE. Postharvest decay management for stone fruit crops in California using the reduced risk fungicides fludioxonil and fenhexamid. 2007.Plant Dis.91:209-215.
16. Khazaeli P. Zamanizadeh H. Morid B. Bayat H. Morphological and molecular identification of Botrytis cinerea causal agent of gray mold in rose greenhouses in central regions of Iran. Int. Agr. Sci. and Res. 2010. 1(1):19-24.
17. Plumbley RA. Benomyle tolerance in strain of Penicillium sclereteginum infecting yams and use of imazalid as a means of control. Tropical Agriculture Trinidad. 1985.61: 182-185.
18. Ogundana SK. Denis C. Assessment of fungicides for prevention of storage rot of yams. Pesticide Science, 1981. 11: 491-494.
19. Hawamdeh AS. Ahmad S. In vitro controle of Alternaria solani, the cause of early blight of tomato. Online journal of biological sciences. 2001. 1: 949-950.
20. Issiakhem F. Bouznad Z. In vitro evaluation of difenoconazole and Chlorothalonil on conidial germination and mycelial growth of Alternaria alternate and A. solani causal agent of early blight in Algeria. Twelfth Euro Blight workshop Arras (France), 2010. 14:297 –30.
21. Parveen S. Ganie AA. Wani AH. In vitro efficacy of some fungicides on mycelial growth of Alternaria alternata and Mucor piriformis. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 2013. 46(10): 1230–1235.
22. Parveen S. Wani AH. Bhat MY. Koka JA. Wani FA. Management of postharvest fungal rot of peach (Prunus persica) caused by Rhizopus stolonifer in Kashmir Valley, India. Plant Pathology & Quarantine.2016. 6(1):19–29.
23. Patel, N. A., Dange, S. R. S. and Patel, S. I. (2005).Efficacy of chemicals in controlling fruit rot of tomato caused by Alternaria tomato. Indian J. Agric. Res.39: 72-75.
24. Sharma RL. Efficacy of fungicide impregnated paper liners against storage rot of tomato fruit. J.Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 2006. 26(2):310-311.
25. Banyal DK. Mankotia V. Sugha SK. Integrated management of tomato collar rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 2008. 38(2):165-167.
26. Taskeen-un-Nisa..Wani AH. Mir RA. Fusarium rot of tomato and its management in Kashmir. J. Pl. Dis. Sci.2011. 6(2): 107-113.
27. Parveen S. Wani AH. Bhat MY. Malik. AR. Koka JA. Ashraf N. Antimycotic potential of some phytoextracts on some pathogenic fungi. J. Biopest. 2017. 10 (1): 60-65.
28. Koka JA. Bhat MY. Wani AH. Malik AR. Wani TA. Parveen S. Management of postharvest fungal rot of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in Kashmir Valley, India. International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering. 2018. 07(4):1967-1976.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).