Advances in Local Anesthesia and Pain Management for Practicing Dentists: A Comprehensive Review

Local Anesthesia and Pain Mnagement

  • Manisha Rout Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University http://orcid.org/0009-0003-0353-1763
  • Nitin Tomar Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University
  • Mayur Kaushik Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University
  • Soundarya Singh Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University

Abstract

One of the most frequent problems that patients bring to a dental clinic is pain in the orofacial region or within the tooth. To identify and solve the issue, a proficient practitioner needs to be equipped with the necessary information and resources. Comprehending the history of pain control in dentistry can provide valuable understanding into the development of the present techniques. Newer and more effective pain management treatments have been created as dentistry continues to advance. Several modalities have been developed to reduce and eliminate this, including pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities. The goal of the present review of the literature's findings is to provide dentists with reliable information regarding the application of contemporary local anesthetics, alternative methods, and strategies to reduce pain during anesthesia administration, thereby improving patient comfort.


Keywords: Local Anesthesia, Anesthetic Agents, NSAIDS, Lignocaine, Management, Pain Control

Keywords: Local Anestehsia, Anesthetic agents, nsaids, lignocaine, pain control management

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Manisha Rout, Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University

MDS-Postgraduate, Subharti Dental College & Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University-Meerut UP; 250005

Nitin Tomar, Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University

Professor, Subharti Dental College & Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University-Meerut UP; 250005

Mayur Kaushik, Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University

Professor & Head, Subharti Dental College & Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University-Meerut UP; 250005

Soundarya Singh, Subharti Dental College and Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University

Assistant Professor, Subharti Dental College & Hospital; Swami Vivekananda Subharti University-Meerut UP; 250005

References

1. Milgrom P, Weinstein P, Getz T. 2nd ed. Seattle (WA): Continuing Dental Education, University of Washington; 1995. Treating fearful dental patients. A patient management handbook.
2. Al-Omari WM, Al-Omiri MK. Dental anxiety among university students and its correlation with their field of study. J Appl Oral Sci. 2009;17:199-203. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-77572009000300013 PMid:19466251 PMCid:PMC4399532
3. Kaufman E, Weinstein P, Milgrom P. Difficulties in achieving local anesthesia. J Am Dent Assoc. 1984;108:205-8. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1984.0470 PMid:6584494
4. Grace EG, Barnes DM, Reid BC, Flores M, George DL. Computerized local dental anesthetic systems: Patient and dentist satisfaction. J Dent. 2003;31:9-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-5712(02)00130-6 PMid:12615014
5. Hargreaves K, Abbott PV: Drugs for pain management in dentistry. Aust Dent J. 2005, 50:S14-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1834-7819.2005.tb00378.x PMid:16416713
6. Raja SN, Carr DB, Cohen M, et al: The revised International Association for the Study of Pain definition of pain: concepts, challenges, and compromises. Pain. 2020, 161:1976-82. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001939 PMid:32694387 PMCid:PMC7680716
7. Ghlichloo I, Gerriets V: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island, FL; 2023.
8. Renton T: Dental (odontogenic) pain. Rev Pain. 2011, 5:2-7. https://doi.org/10.1177/204946371100500102 PMid:26527224 PMCid:PMC4590084
9. Donaldson M, Goodchild JH. Appropriate analgesic prescribing for the general dentist. Gen Dent. 2010;58(4):291-7.
10. Dave P, The Challenges of Chronic Wound Care and Management, Asian Journal of Dental and Health Sciences 2024; 4(1):45-50 https://doi.org/10.22270/ajdhs.v4i1.70
11. Pozzi A, Gallelli L: Pain management for dentists: the role of ibuprofen. Ann Stomatol (Roma). 2012, 2:3-24.
12. Cryer B, Feldman M. Cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 selectivity of widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Am J Med. 1998;104:413-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9343(98)00091-6 PMid:9626023
13. Malamed SF: Handbook of Local Anesthesia. Elsevier, New York; 2014.
14. Ogle OE, Mahjoubi G: Local anesthesia: agents, techniques, and complications. Dent Clin North Am. 2012;56:133-48 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cden.2011.08.003 PMid:22117947
15. Friedman PM, Mafong EA, Friedman ES, Geronemus RG: Topical anesthetics update: EMLA and beyond. Dermatol Surg. 2001;27:1019-1026. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1524-4725.2001.01855.x PMid:11849263
16. Reed KL, Malamed SF, Fonner AM. Local anesthesia part 2: technical considerations. Anesth Prog. 2012;59:127-36 https://doi.org/10.2344/0003-3006-59.3.127 PMid:23050753 PMCid:PMC3468291
17. DE Becker, KL. Reed:Essentials of local anesthetic pharmacology Anesth Prog, 2006;53,98-110. https://doi.org/10.2344/0003-3006(2006)53[98:EOLAP]2.0.CO;2 PMid:17175824
18. An overview of dental anxiety and the non-pharmacological management of dental anxiety. Hare J, Bruj-Milasan G, Newton T. Prim Dent J. 2019;7:36-39. https://doi.org/10.1177/205016841800700409
19. Chow, R.T.; David, M.A.; Armati, P.J. 830 nm laser irradiation induces varicosity formation, reduces mitochondrial membrane potential and blocks fast axonal flow in small and medium diameter rat dorsal root ganglion neurons: Implications for the analgesic effects of 830 nm laser. J. Periph. Nerv. Syst. 2007;12, 28-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8027.2007.00114.x PMid:17374099
20. Teh, J.J., Pascoe, D.J., Hafeji, S. et al. Efficacy of virtual reality for pain relief in medical procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Med 2024;22,64. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-024-03266-6 PMid:38355563 PMCid:PMC10865524
21. Greenstein G. Therapeutic efficacy of cold therapy after intraoral surgical procedures: a literature review. J Periodontol. 2007;78(5):790-800. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2007.060319 PMid:17470011
22. Johnson ME. The use and relative effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia (EDA) for reduction of dental pain. Dentistry 1996;16:8‐9,32
23. Giannetti L, Forabosco E, Spinas E, Re D, Murri Dello Diago A. Single tooth anaesthesia: a new approach to the paediatric patient. A clinical experimental study. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2018;19:40-43.
24. Kakigi R, Watanabe S: Pain relief by various kinds of interference stimulation applied to the peripheral skin in humans: pain-related brain potentials following CO2 laser stimulation. J Peripher Nerv Syst. 1996;1:189- 198.
25. Hutchins HS Jr, Young FA, Lackland DT, Fishburne CP: The effectiveness of topical anesthesia and vibration in alleviating the pain of oral injections. Anesth Prog. 1997;44:87-89.
26. Ching D, Finkelman M, Loo CY: Effect of the DentalVibe injection system on pain during local anesthesia injections in adolescent patients. Pediatr Dent. 2014;36:51-55.
27. Saxena P, Gupta SK, Newaskar V, Chandra A: Advances in dental local anesthesia techniques and devices: an update. Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2013;4:19-20. https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-5950.117873 PMid:24163548 PMCid:PMC3800379
28. Kwak EJ, Pang NS, Cho JH, Jung BY, Kim KD, Park W: Computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery for painless anesthesia: a literature review. J Dent Anesth Pain Med. 2016;16:81-88. https://doi.org/10.17245/jdapm.2016.16.2.81 PMid:28879299 PMCid:PMC5564086
29. Clark TM, Yagiela JA: Advanced techniques and armamentarium for dental local anesthesia. Dent Clin North Am. 2011;54:757-768. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cden.2010.06.017 PMid:20831937
30. Cuny E, Fredeknd RE, Budenz AW. Dental safety needles' effectiveness: Results of a one-year evaluation. J Am Dent Assoc. 2000;131:1443-1448. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.2000.0055 PMid:11042983
Crossmark
Statistics
23 Views | 7 Downloads
How to Cite
1.
Rout M, Tomar N, Kaushik M, Singh S. Advances in Local Anesthesia and Pain Management for Practicing Dentists: A Comprehensive Review. JDDT [Internet]. 15May2024 [cited 17May2024];14(5):174-9. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6572