CHANGING TRENDS IN MICROBIAL FLORA AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY

  • Gopal Krishana Bohra Assistant Professor Department of Medicine Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur
  • Dinesh Kothari Ex-Professor and Head Department of Medicine Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur
  • S R Ambwani Professor and Head Department of Pharmacology All India Institute of Medicine, Jodhpur
  • Rimple Jeet Kaur Senior Resident Department of Pharmacology All India Institute of Medicine, Jodhpur
  • Twinkle Vyas Medical Officer Govt. of Rajasthan

Abstract

Microbial resistance is a burning issue in the medical world from last few decades. Irrationale use of antibiotics in the treatment of infectious diseases has led to emergence of resistant strains of microorganisms; incapacitating the most potent weapon against infections. Thus, the present study was conducted to evaluate the trends in microbial flora and their antibiotic sensitivity.

A retrospective study of five hundred twelve patients admitted in various hospitals attached to Dr. S. N Medical College, Jodhpur with various infections was conducted. The blood culture reports were screened to study microbial organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. The most common organisms isolated were staph aureus accounting for 29.5% of the isolates and followed by Klebsiella (13.87%), Enterococci (7.81%) and Citrobacter (7.42%). At the end of the study, it was observed that there were constant changes in the pattern of organisms and antibiotics in patients.

Based on this study, it is suggested that before prescribing antibiotics, clinicians should be aware of recent trends of prevalent organisms and their sensitivity patterns. This would reduce emergence of resistant organisms and favour patient’s wellbeing.

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1.
Bohra G, Kothari D, Ambwani S, Kaur R, Vyas T. CHANGING TRENDS IN MICROBIAL FLORA AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY. JDDT [Internet]. 8Jan.2014 [cited 29Jul.2021];4(1):15-7. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/751