Therapeutic potential of Nankhawah/Ajwain (Tracyspermum ammi Linn): A comprehensive review article

Abstract

Background: Trachyspermum ammi Linn., commonly known as ajwain, is a widely recognized spice and medicinal plant originating from Egypt but cultivated across regions such as Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Belonging to the Apiaceae family, this species offers diverse pharmacological benefits due to its rich chemical constituents.


Objectives: This review aims to summarize the traditional and contemporary applications of Trachyspermum ammi, focusing on its ethnobotanical description, chemical composition, and pharmacological aspects.


Methodology: The literature search encompassed scientific databases and publications covering the historical usage, chemical profiling, and biological activities of Trachyspermum ammi.


Results: Trachyspermum ammi exhibits a variety of pharmacological activities, including antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, and anthelmintic properties. Traditionally, it has been employed to treat conditions such as flatulence, atonic dyspepsia, diarrhea, abdominal tumors, abdominal pain, piles, bronchial issues, lack of appetite, galactogogue, asthma, and amenorrhea as it possesses properties of Muhallil, Mudirr-i-Bawl-o-Hayd, Dafa e Tafun, Jali, Habis etc. Modern research supports these claims while also revealing its potential in treating kidney stones, abortion, and aflatoxin detoxification.


Conclusion: Trachyspermum ammi holds great promise as a natural resource for novel therapies, owing to its extensive array of bioactive components and established pharmacological effects. Further investigation into its mechanisms of action and optimization of extraction techniques could lead to more efficient utilization of this valuable medicinal plant.


Keywords: Ajwain, Nankhawah, Trachyspermum Ammi Linn, Mudirr-i-Bawl-o-Hayd, Hazim, Thymol, Appetizer.

Keywords: Ajwain, Nankhawah, Trachyspermum Ammi Linn, Mudirr Bawl o Hayz, Hazim, Thymol, Appetizer

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Author Biographies

Afifa Naaz, PG Scholar, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

PG Scholar, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

Ghulam Nabi Wani, PG Scholar, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

PG Scholar, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

Wajeeha Begum, Professor, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

Professor, Dept of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Amraz Niswan, National Institute of Unani Medicine, kottigepalya, magadi road, Bangalore-560091, Karnataka-India

Shavana Fathima, PG Scholar, Dept of Moalijath, Luqman Unani Medical College and Research Center, Vijayapura, Karnataka.

PG Scholar, Dept of Moalijath, Luqman Unani Medical College and Research Center, Vijayapura, Karnataka.

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Naaz A, Wani GN, Begum W, Fathima S. Therapeutic potential of Nankhawah/Ajwain (Tracyspermum ammi Linn): A comprehensive review article. JDDT [Internet]. 15Mar.2024 [cited 19Apr.2024];14(3):164-9. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6479