Incidence and antibiotic profile of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria isolated from aprons and tables used in abattoir located in Abraka and Obiaruku, Delta State, Nigeria

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the presence of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in aprons and tables used in abattoirs in Abraka and Obiaruku. 


A total of one hundred samples were obtained. Fifty samples were obtained from the aprons of butchers and meat vendors working in an abattoir located in Abraka and fifty samples from the sectioning tables in an abattoir located in Obiaruku using sterile swab sticks. Biochemical tests were carried out to characterize the bacterial isolates and susceptibility carried out using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method.


Out of the 50 aprons sampled, 47 were gram negative bacteria and 3 were gram positive bacteria. The bacteria were: Proteus spp. (16), Citrobacter spp. (15), Salmonella spp. (10), Shigella spp.  (3), Aeromonas spp. (2), Providentia spp. (1), Mycobacterium spp. (1), Enterococcus spp. (1) and Streptococcus spp. (1). From the table samples, all 50 were gram negative bacteria. The gram-positive bacteria showed high susceptibility (100%) with high zones of inhibition to most antibiotics used. Gram-negative bacteria showed highest susceptibility to erythromycin (95.7%)


This study reveals that aprons and tables of butchers and meat vendors at the abattoirs are reservoir of various bacteria, some of which are food borne pathogens and are multidrug resistant. The high prevalence of some of these organisms in this study coupled with their high antibiotic resistance profile is reflective of the poor hygiene practices carried out at the abattoirs in Abraka and Obiaruku and thus, pose a serious public health concern to the consumers of meat from such abattoirs.


Keywords: Bacteria, isolates, abattoir, butchers, meat vendors

Keywords: Bacteria, isolates, abattoir, butchers, meat vendors

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Author Biographies

Clement Oliseloke Anie, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Sinodukoo Eziuzo Okafo, Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Amelia-Jane Oluchi Anthony, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Kayode Temitope Egbon, Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria

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Anie CO, Okafo SE, Anthony A-JO, Egbon KT. Incidence and antibiotic profile of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria isolated from aprons and tables used in abattoir located in Abraka and Obiaruku, Delta State, Nigeria. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jun.2022 [cited 1Jul.2022];12(3-S):101-5. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5387