Review on the pharmacological and health aspects of Hylocereus or Pitaya: An update

  • Arifia Safira Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sonya Lerky Savitri Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Aliyyah Revinda Bima Putri Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Jonathan Mark Hamonangan Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Bella Safinda Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Tridiganita Intan Solikhah Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Aswin Rafif Khairullah Doctoral Program in Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Gavrila Amadea Puspitarani Infectious Diseases and One Health, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Abstract

The need for fresh fruit and vegetables in the community is increasing, this is due to research which states that the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables can reduce the likelihood of disease. Hylocereus spp or dragon fruit is a medicine plant belonging to the Cactaceae family. The distinctive morphology found in dragon fruit is the shape of the skin which corresponds to the oval body shape. Dragon fruit can grow well in dry areas. Phytochemicals in dragon fruit or pitaya include carbohydrates, protein, saponin phenolic compounds, terpenoids, oils, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, coumarin, and steroids. Meanwhile, nutritional analysis shows that the fruit contains complete nutrition, including vitamins, fat, crude fiber, and minerals. Based on previous research, dragon fruit has been proven to be used as an alternative ingredient for antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antoxidant, antulcer, antipertility, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, hypopolidemic, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and anti-platelet


KeywordsHyolocereus, medicine, phytochemistry, pharmacology.

Keywords: Hyolocereus, medicine, phytochemistry, pharmacology

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Author Biographies

Arifia Safira, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Sonya Lerky Savitri, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Aliyyah Revinda Bima Putri, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Jonathan Mark Hamonangan, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Bella Safinda, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Tridiganita Intan Solikhah, Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Division of Veterinary Clinic, Department of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Aswin Rafif Khairullah, Doctoral Program in Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Doctoral Program in Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Gavrila Amadea Puspitarani, Infectious Diseases and One Health, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Infectious Diseases and One Health, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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Safira A, Savitri SL, Putri ARB, Hamonangan JM, Safinda B, Solikhah T, Khairullah AR, Puspitarani GA. Review on the pharmacological and health aspects of Hylocereus or Pitaya: An update. JDDT [Internet]. 15Nov.2021 [cited 1Dec.2021];11(6):297-03. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5181