Polyphenols contents and antioxidant potential of Nauclea latifolia Smith (Rubiaceae) acetonic fractions from Burkina Faso

  • Almamy Konate Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
  • Roland Nâg-Tiéro Meda Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
  • Amadou Dicko Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
  • Eric Sami Kam Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
  • Benjamin Kouliga Koama Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
  • Hadidjatou Belem Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
  • Adama Kabore Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
  • Amadou Traore Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso
  • Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso

Abstract

Scientific information on antioxidant properties and phenolic content of Nauclea latifolia used in ethnoveterinary medicine in Burkina Faso are limited. Therefore, the quantification of the antioxidant activity of different parts of this specie remains an interesting and useful task, particularly for finding new sources for natural antioxidants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity and total polyphenols of Nauclea latifolia Smith (Rubiaceae) acetonic fractions from Burkina Faso. n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions of leaves, barks and root barks were tested for their antioxidant activities using DPPH, ABTS and FRAP methods. Folin-Ciocalteu and AlCl3 reagents were used to quantify the polyphenols. n-butanol fraction of barks (58.16 ± 0.76 mg GAE/100 mg), dichloromethane fraction of barks (51.13 ± 0.99; 26.14 mg GAE/100 mg) have presented the best total phenolic contents while the best total flavonoid contents were found in n-butanol fraction of leaves and n-hexane fraction of leaves with 4.85 ± 0.14 mg EQ/100mg and 2.92 ± 0.13 mg EQ/100mg, respectively. It was observed that n-hexane fraction of leaves was scavenge more DPPH free radicals with a value of 1011.98± 17,01 µmol EAA/g. That of n-butanol fractions of barks was showed the best ferric reduction power (3056.37 ± 96.66 µmol EAA/g) and the highest ABTS cation radicals scavenging capacity (7031.52 ± 254.98 µmol EAA/g). Nevertheless, this work encourages investigations on Burkina Faso plant species used in the ethnoveterinary medicine as sources of antioxidants.


Keywords: Fraction; Ouagadougou; Barks, Total Polyphenols Contents; Radicals.

Keywords: Fraction, Ouagadougou, Barks, Total Polyphenols Contents, Radicals

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Author Biographies

Almamy Konate, Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Roland Nâg-Tiéro Meda, Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Amadou Dicko, Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Eric Sami Kam, Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Benjamin Kouliga Koama, Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Hadidjatou Belem, Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Laboratoire De Recherche Et d’Enseignement En Santé Et Biotechnologies Animales, Unité De Formation Et De Recherche En Sciences Et Techniques, Université Nazi Boni, 01 BP 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Adama Kabore, Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.

Amadou Traore, Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso

Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso

Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura, Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso

Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de recherches agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso

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Konate A, Meda RN-T, Dicko A, Kam ES, Koama BK, Belem H, Kabore A, Traore A, Tamboura HH. Polyphenols contents and antioxidant potential of Nauclea latifolia Smith (Rubiaceae) acetonic fractions from Burkina Faso. JDDT [Internet]. 15Nov.2021 [cited 1Dec.2021];11(6):101-7. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5069