Concept and Management of Meniere’s Disease in Unani Medicine-A Review
Meniere’s disease, also called endolymphatic hydrops, is a disorder of the inner ear where the endolymphatic system is distended due to endolymph. It is characterized by vertigo, Tinnitus, sensorineural hearing loss and aural fullness. The main pathology in Meniere’s disease is distention of endolymphatic system due to increased volume of endolymph. This can result either from increased production of endolymph or its faulty absorption or both. The description of hypothyroidism as a disease is not directly found in Unani texts. However, the signs and symptoms of meniere’s disease such as Dawar (vertigo), Taneen (tinnitus), Hissi Asabi Bahrapan (sensorineural hearing loss), Seqal-e-Uzn (aural fullness) mentioned in unani medicine associated with clinical manifestation in the context of Su-e-Mizaj Barid Maddi (derangement in cold temperament) as a result of an excess production endolymph (Kasrate Ifraz-e-Androon lymph) or defective absorption of endolymph (Nuqse Jazb-e- Androon lymph) in abnormal phlegm in the internal ear. On the basis of this fact, an attempt has been herewith made to understand the disease and its management through Unani Medicine.
Keywords: Meniere’s disease, Vertigo, Tinnitus, Taneen, Deafness
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