Medicinal Properties of Māsh (Vigna mungo (Linn.) Hepper): A Comprehensive Review
Māsh (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper belongs to the family Papilionaceae. It is one of the important legume crops extensively cultivated in India and other parts of the world. Pulses and legumes have been gaining interest because they are an excellent source of bioactive compounds. The objective of this present review is to compile all relevant information regarding the medicinal uses of Vigna mungo. It is rich in flavonoids, isoflavonoids, phytoestrogens, phenolic acids, enzymes, fibers, starches, trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, lectins, saponins, tocopherols, fatty acids, and proteins. Most of the reported components are from the seed part of the black gram. Various processes like cooking, soaking, and germination affect bioactive components. Studies have shown the presence of bioactive compounds in other parts of the plant like leaves, pods, roots, stems, etc. which are normally considered as a waste product. Hence there is a need to isolate and characterize novel bioactive components from other parts of the black gram plant. This review demonstrates that Vigna mungo is rich in bioactive components and able to cure and prevent diseases in addition to its basic nutritional value.
Keywords: Māsh, Vigna mungo, black gram, bioactive components, legumes
 Pandey S. Review on medicinal importance of Vigna genus. Plant Sci Today. 2019; 6(4):450–6. https://doi.org/10.14719/pst.2019.6.4.614
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigna_mungo Accessed on 25-05-2021
 Preethi R, Moses JA, Anandharamakrishnan C. Effect of conductive hydro-drying on physicochemical and functional properties of two pulse protein extracts: Green gram (Vigna radiata) and black gram (Vigna mungo). Food Chem [Internet]. 2020; 128551. Available from: DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128551
 Anonymous. The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials & Industrial Products, Raw Materials Vol. X: Sp-W. New Delhi: National Institute Of Science Communication And Information Resources, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research; 2009.
 Khan M A . Muhit-i-Azam Vol 4. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India; 2018.
 https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Vigna_mungo_(PROTA) Accessed on 25-05-2021
 Zia-ul-haq M, Ahmad S, Bukhari SA, Amarowicz R, Ercisli S, Jaafar HZ. Compositional studies and biological activities of some mash bean ( Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper ) cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan. Biol Res. 2014; 47(23):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/0717-6287-47-23
 Pandey S, Ror S, Chakraborty D. Analysis of Biochemical Responses in Vigna Mungo Varieties Subjected to Drought Stress and Possible Amelioration. Int J Sci Res Agric Sci. 2014; 1(1):6-15. DOI: 10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0006-0015
 Yasmin K, Arulbalachandran D, Soundarya V, Vanmathi S. Effects of gamma radiation (γ) on biochemical and antioxidant properties in Black gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Int J Radiat Biol [Internet]. 2019; Available from: DOI:10.1080/09553002.2019.1589022
 Chatterjee A, Pakrashi SC. The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants : Vol: II (Revised). New Delhi: National Institute Of Science Communication And Information resources; 1992.
 Somta P, Chen J, Yundaeng C, Yuan X, Yimram T. Development of an SNP-based high-density linkage map and QTL analysis for bruchid ( Callosobruchus maculatus F .) resistance in black gram ( Vigna mungo ( L .) Hepper ). Sci Rep [Internet]. 2019; (October 2018):1–9. Available from: DOI:10.1038/s41598-019-40669-5
 Gautam NK, Kumar K, Prasad M. Leaf crinkle disease in urdbean ( Vigna mungo L . Hepper ): An overview on causal agent, vector and host. Protoplasma. 2016; 253(3):729–46. DOI:10.1007/s00709-015-0933-z
 Zaheer M, Ahmed S, Hassan MM. A review of medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper. J Pharmacogn Phytochem. 2020; 9(1):1307-9. https://doi.org/10.22271/phyto.2020.v9.i6a.13006.
 Kaewwongwal A, Kongjaimun A, Somta P, Chankaew S, Yimram T, Peerasak S. Genetic diversity of the black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] gene pool as revealed by SSR markers. Breed Sci. 2015; 65(2):127-37. DOI: 10.1270/jsbbs.65.127
 Usman MRM, Barhate SD. Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic, And Ulcerogenic Activity Of Vigna Mungo Linn. Leaves. Int J Phytopharm. 2011; 1(2):55-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7439/ijpp.v1i2.206
 https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vigna+mungo Accessed on 25-05-2021
 Prajapati N Das, Purohit SS, Sharma AK, Kumar T. A Handbook of Medicinal Plants : A Complete Source Book. Jodhpur: Agrobios (India); 2003.
 Prajapati N Das, Kumar U. Agro’s Dictionary of Medicinal Plants. Jodhpur: Agrobios (India); 2005.
 Chopra RN, Nayar SL, Chopra IC. Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. New Delhi: National Institute Of Science Communication And Information Resources, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research; 1956.
 Tariq NA. Tajul Mufradat Khawas ul Advia ma Rangeen Tasweer. New Delhi: Idara Kitab-ush-Shifa; 2010.
 Kabeeruddin HM. Makhzan-ul-Mufradat. New Delhi: Idara Kitab-ush-Shifa; 2007.
 Ghani N. Khazain-Ul-Advia. New Delhi: Idara Kitab-ush-Shifa;
 Anonymous. Qarabadin-i-Sarkari. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 2006.
 http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vigna+mungo#:~:text=24268%2D8%20Description,An%20excellent%2C%20in%2Ddepth%20look%20at%20the%20main%20vegetable%20crops,as%20a%20green%20manure%20crop. Accessed on 25-05-2021
 Evans WC. Trease and Evans’ Pharmacognosy. 15th Ed. Elsevier (A Division of Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Limited); 2008.
 Sina I. Al-Qanoon Fit-Ṭibb (English Translation) Part II. New Delhi: Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi; 1998.
 Masihi AS. Kitab al-Miah fit-Tibb. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 2008.
 Masihi I Q. Kitab-al-Umda fil-Jarahat Vol. 1. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. Of India; 1986.
 Maghribi Asbi. Kitab Al-Fatah Fi Al-Tadawi Fi Sunuf Al-Amrad Wa Al-Shakawi. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 2007.
 Baitar I. Al-Jami ul mufradat al-adwiya wa al-aghdhiya Vol 4. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 2003.
 Patel D V, Sawant MG, Kaur G. Evaluation of anti-osteoarthritic activity of Vigna mungo in papain induced osteoarthritis model. Indian J Pharmacol. 2015; 47(1):59–65. DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.150340
 Baghdadi I H. Kitab al-Mukhtarat fil-Tib Part IV. 1st ed. New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India; 2007.
 Anonymous. The Wealth Of India - A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials & Industrial Products (Second Supplement Series, Raw Materials) (Vol.3 : Pi - Z). New Delhi: National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research; 2009.
 Ahmed MR, Mou SJ, Ahmed H, Bashar ABMA, Rahmatullah M. Analgesic Activity of Boiled and Non-boiled Vigna Mungo Seeds. WORLD J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2015;4(10):267–73.
 Ali NM, Yusof HM, Yeap S, Ho W, Beh B, Long K, et al. Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activities of Untreated, Germinated, and Fermented Mung Bean Aqueous Extract. Evidence-Based Complement Altern Med. vol. 2014, Article ID 350507, 6 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/350507
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).