Medicinal Properties of Māsh (Vigna mungo (Linn.) Hepper): A Comprehensive Review

  • Fatima Khan P.G. Scholar, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3003-2359
  • Mohd Nayab Assistant Professor, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2077-9659
  • Abdul Nasir Ansari Professor and Head, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India
  • Mohd Zubair Principal, A&U Tibbia College, and Hospital, New Delhi

Abstract

Māsh (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper belongs to the family Papilionaceae. It is one of the important legume crops extensively cultivated in India and other parts of the world. Pulses and legumes have been gaining interest because they are an excellent source of bioactive compounds. The objective of this present review is to compile all relevant information regarding the medicinal uses of Vigna mungo. It is rich in flavonoids, isoflavonoids, phytoestrogens, phenolic acids, enzymes, fibers, starches, trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, lectins, saponins, tocopherols, fatty acids, and proteins. Most of the reported components are from the seed part of the black gram. Various processes like cooking, soaking, and germination affect bioactive components. Studies have shown the presence of bioactive compounds in other parts of the plant like leaves, pods, roots, stems, etc. which are normally considered as a waste product. Hence there is a need to isolate and characterize novel bioactive components from other parts of the black gram plant. This review demonstrates that Vigna mungo is rich in bioactive components and able to cure and prevent diseases in addition to its basic nutritional value.


Keywords: Māsh, Vigna mungo, black gram, bioactive components, legumes

Keywords: Māsh, Vigna mungo, black gram, bioactive components, legumes

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Author Biographies

Fatima Khan, P.G. Scholar, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

P.G. Scholar, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

Mohd Nayab, Assistant Professor, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

Abdul Nasir Ansari, Professor and Head, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

Professor and Head, Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

Mohd Zubair, Principal, A&U Tibbia College, and Hospital, New Delhi

Principal, A&U Tibbia College, and Hospital, New Delhi, India

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Khan F, Nayab M, Ansari A, Zubair M. Medicinal Properties of Māsh (Vigna mungo (Linn.) Hepper): A Comprehensive Review. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jun.2021 [cited 5Aug.2021];11(3-S):121-4. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4888