Relationship of Feeding Patterns and History of TB and Diarrhea in Children 2-5 Years Old and Stunting in Sukahayu Village, Sumedang, West Java, April 2019
Stunting is when children under five years old (toddlers) have a height-for-age index below minus two standard deviations based on the WHO standard. Stunting was a chronic nutritional problem caused by socioeconomic, maternal nutrition during pregnancy, nutritional intake during infancy, and infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relations between feeding patterns and a history of Tuberculosis or diarrhoea in children aged 2-5 years with stunting. The type of this research was observational with a cross-sectional design. Samples were taken using a total sampling method of 34 samples. The study was conducted in April 2019 in Sukahayu Village, West Java. Data were collected by interviewing, measuring height and filling out the questionnaire. Bivariate analysis used Spearman's rho test. The results showed that stunting toddlers age the most at 25-36 month (50%), gender was equal between boy and girl (50%), 82.4% of stunting toddlers had a good pattern of feeding, had a history of TB 14.7% and had a history of diarrhoea 76.5%. The results of the Spearman's rho test showed no correlations between feeding patterns (p=0.22), history of TB (p=0.55) and history of diarrhoea (p=0.37) with stunting in Sukahayu Village. This study advises governments and health agencies to improve the nutritional status of stunting children and in the provision of standard anthropometric devices. The community is expected to get quality education and provide balanced nutrition to improve the health of children.
Keywords: Stunting, feeding pattern, history of Tuberculosis, history of diarrhoea
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