Risk Factors Associated with Prostate Cancer

PROSTATE CANCER

  • Arslan Habib Lab of Molecular Immunology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5771-6411
  • Ghulam Jaffar Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Malik ShahZaib Khalid Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zahid Hussain Department of Zoology, Division of Science & Technology, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Syeda Wafa Zainab Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Zeeshan Ashraf Department of Fisheries & Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Atia Haroon Department of Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Rimsha Javed Institute of Molecular biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Pakistan
  • Bilal Khalid Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Palwasha Habib Department of Medicine, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College, Mirpur, AJK

Abstract

Globally prostate cancer is the second most familiar and fifth-most hostile neoplasm among male individuals. One of the emerging issues in men is prostate cancer. The Prostate is a ductal small walnut-shaped gland situated in men below the urinary bladder that produces the seminal fluid for sperms provision and transportation. The risk of emerging prostate cancer during the man’s lifetime is one out of seven. According to the epidemiological studies, different environmental and genetic factors are associated with the progression of abnormal prostate cell growth which ultimately causes the development of cancerous cells. The chances of prostate cancer occurrence are more in those patients with familial member’s history, and it can be more by two to three-folds associated with first-rank relatives to get prostate cancer. In the current review different risk factors which are associated with the development of prostate cancer, are discussed.


Keywords: Prostate cancer, Risk factors, Male, BRCA1, BRAC2.

Keywords: Prostate cancer, Risk factors, Male, BRCA1, BRAC2

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Author Biographies

Arslan Habib, Lab of Molecular Immunology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Lab of Molecular Immunology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Ghulam Jaffar, Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Malik ShahZaib Khalid, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Zahid Hussain, Department of Zoology, Division of Science & Technology, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Zoology, Division of Science & Technology, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan

Syeda Wafa Zainab, Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Zeeshan Ashraf, Department of Fisheries & Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Fisheries & Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animals Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Atia Haroon, Department of Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan

Rimsha Javed, Institute of Molecular biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Institute of Molecular biology & Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Bilal Khalid, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Palwasha Habib, Department of Medicine, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College, Mirpur, AJK

Department of Medicine, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College, Mirpur, AJK

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Habib A, Jaffar G, Khalid M, Hussain Z, Zainab S, Ashraf Z, Haroon A, Javed R, Khalid B, Habib P. Risk Factors Associated with Prostate Cancer. JDDT [Internet]. 15Mar.2021 [cited 26Oct.2021];11(2):188-93. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4758

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