Studies on Phylloplane Mycoflora of Some Medicinal Plants
The variety and galaxy of fungi and their natural beauty occupy prime place in the biological world. The phylloplane the surface of plant leaves is a complex terrestrial habitat that is characterized by a variety of microorganisms including bacteria, filamentous fungi and yeasts. Phylloplane fungi are the mycota growing on surface of the leaves. Some phylloplane fungi are investigated from the leaves surface of five medicinal plants such as Ocimum sanctum, Ficus bengalensis, Datura metel, Butea monosperma and Stevia rebaudiana. A total number of 44 fungal species from 28 genera were isolated from surface sterilized leaf segments by dilution plating method. Among them 04 species and 03 genera were isolated from the phylloplane of Ocimum sanctum, 17 species and 07 genera from Butea monosperma, 03 species and 03 genera from Datura metel, 05 species and 05 genera from Ficus bengalensis and 15 species and 10 genera were isolated from phylloplane of leaves surfaces.
Keywords: Phylloplane, Terrestrial habitat, Mycota, Investigation, Medicinal plants
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