FORMULATION OF CLOTRIMAZOLE ORORETENTIVE JELLY
Objective: Patient compliance and ease of administration are of significant importance in the design of dosage forms. Dysphasia is common among all age groups, especially in elderly and pediatrics. There are dosage forms like tablets, syrups in the market but still there is a need for new dosage form which acts effectively and locally. Jellies can provide an attractive alternative formulation in the treatment of oral candidiasis. So the present investigation aims to design, prepare and evaluate Clotrimazole jellies using xanthan gum with different concentrations. The benefits of these prepared jellies are increased bioavailability by-passing first pass metabolism. Method: The sucrose based jellies were prepared by heating and congealing method. Physical characteristics, pH, syneresis, in vitro dissolution testing, drug release kinetics, IR Spectral analysis and stability studies were conducted.
Result: The prepared formulations are free from gritty particles. Among the prepared formulations, formulation C3 containing 1.5% xanthan gum released 93.22% in 30min was found to be promising. Stability studies on the promising and other formulations indicated that there were no significant changes in the drug content and in vitro dissolution characteristics. IR spectroscopic studies indicated that there were no drug-excipient interactions. Anti-fungal studies revealed that there is no change in the molecular activity of the drug.
Conclusion: The prepared jellies of Clotrimazole could stay in the mouth for a longer period of time, which indicates a potential use of jellies of Clotrimazole for treating oral candidiasis.
Keywords: Clotrimazole; Jellies; Xanthan gum.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).