Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Some Plants Used in the Management of Erectile Dysfunction by the BWA Community in Mali

  • Issiaka Togola Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali
  • Jean Dembélé Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali
  • Cheickna Daou Département de Génie-Biologie, Institut des Sciences et Appliquées (ISA), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali
  • Nouhoum Diarra Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali
  • Mamadou A. Konaré Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali
  • Rokia Sanogo Department des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et de Médicine Traditionnelle, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Abstract

The erection has always symbolized strength and virile health. Erectile dysfunction is undoubtedly a concern as old as humanity. Tamarindus indica L., Guiera senegalensis J.F.Gmel and Ximenia americana L. are commonly used in the traditional treatment of erectile dysfunction by the Bwa community in Mali. The aim of this study was to measure the total polyphenols and flavonoids and then to evaluate the antiradical activity of the extracts (aqueous and hydroalcoholic macerated and decocted) of the organs of these species. The study found that for all species, the hydro-alcoholic macerated extract showed the best results. The polyphenol contents have been 36.85±0.21 mgGAE/g; 32.60±0.25 mgGAE/g and 29.79±0.51 mgGAE/g for Ximenia americana, Tamarindus indica and Guiera senegalensis respectively. The flavonoid contents have been 22.03±0.15 mgQE/g; 17.53±0.02 mgQE/g and 8.03±0.03 mgQE/g for Ximenia americana, Tamarindus indica and Guiera senegalensis respectively. The antiradical activity expressed in IC50 is 37.54±0.75 µg/mL; 52.75±0.71 µg/mL and 54.66±1.14 µg/mL for Ximenia americana, Tamarindus indica and Guiera senegalensis respectively. This study revealed that those plants are rich in total polyphenols and show a good antiradical activity. This wealth would justify their traditional use. The biological tests would be necessary to confirm their use in the treatment of erectile dysfunction.


Keywords: Erectile dysfunction, polyphenols, antioxidant activity, Bwatun-Mali.

Keywords: Erectile dysfunction, polyphenols, antioxidant activity, Bwatun-Mali

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Author Biographies

Issiaka Togola, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Jean Dembélé, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Cheickna Daou, Département de Génie-Biologie, Institut des Sciences et Appliquées (ISA), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Département de Génie-Biologie, Institut des Sciences et Appliquées (ISA), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Nouhoum Diarra, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Mamadou A. Konaré, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FST), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Rokia Sanogo, Department des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et de Médicine Traditionnelle, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

Department des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et de Médicine Traditionnelle, Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali

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Togola I, Dembélé J, Daou C, Diarra N, Konaré MA, Sanogo R. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Some Plants Used in the Management of Erectile Dysfunction by the BWA Community in Mali. JDDT [Internet]. 15Nov.2020 [cited 26Nov.2020];10(6):57-1. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4559