PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIDIABETIC, ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC PROPERTIES OF LEAVES OF Filicium decipiens IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS.
The Present study was undertaken with a view to evaluate the Phytochemical & Pharmacological activities of the leaves of Filicium decipiens (Sapindaceae). The shade dried powdered plant material was subjected to successive soxhlet extraction with Petroleum Ether, Chloroform, Ethyl acetate and Ethanol. The various extracts were then subjected to preliminary phytochemical screening which revealed the presence of flavanoids, saponins, tannins, phenols, sugars, lipids, alkaloids & steroids. Selection of active extract for in vivo studies was based on preliminary phytochemical tests and in vitro glucose diffusion inhibition potential and accordingly ethanolic and chloroform extracts were chosen for further studies. Pharmacological screening included evaluation of antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activity of chloroform and ethanolic extracts (200mg/kg b.w) on Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. The ethanolic extract was found to be more effective and brought about significant antidiabetic & hypolipidemic potential. This was due to the presence of one or more phytoconstituents present in ethanol extract. Thus, the present study validates the traditional claim of the plant and endorses a scientific proof in future.
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