Evaluation of anti-anxiety activity of Mucuna pruriens
Mucuna pruriens, also known as Velvet Bean, Mucuna pruriens has been used for centuries by Ayurvedic herbalists for overall wellness. Mucuna pruriens provides support for brain function, muscle health and libido. Mucuna pruriens has also been shown to have diuretic effects. It increases tissue resiliency and improves coordination. Mucuna can also increase testosterone levels, which in turn can lead to increased muscle mass and strength. It also supports the nervous and reproductive systems in the body. anti-oxidant activity of M. pruriens has been also demonstrated in vitro by its ability to scavenge DPPH radicals and reactive oxygen species. This is an excellent natural source of L-dopa and 5-hydroxy tryptophan (5-HT) Present study was designed to evaluate the anti-anxiety activity of Mucuna pruriens extract in Swiss albino mice. Three doses of Mucuna pruriens (100, 200,400 mg/kg, p.o.) and standard dose of Buspirone (5 mg/kg, i.p.) were used for evaluation of the anti-anxiety activity. The elevated plus maze (EPM) was used to take as a measure of antianxiety effect. Mucuna pruriens at the doses of 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg significantly reduced the time spent and no. of entries in closed arm, increased the time spent and entries into open arm in elevated plus maze (p<0.05) as compared to control group. These results indicate that MP may be possesses antianxiety property.
Keywords: Anxiety, Elevated plus maze, Mucuna pruriens, Buspirone, Swiss Albino Mice.
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