A view of Homoeopathy on Musculoskeletal Disorders in Sports Injuries

Injury and homoeopathy

  • Chintamani Nayak Deptt. of Homoeopathic Materia Medica, National Institute of Homoeopathy, (An Autonomous Institute), Salt Lake, Kolkata-700106
  • Akshay K Hati Dr Abhin Chandra Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar-751001, Odisha, India
  • Samar Pati Labaoratory of Redox Regulation, Department of Zoology, CBSH, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Subhashree Dhal Regional Plant Research Centre, Bhubaneswar, India
  • BISWARANJAN PAITAL Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology

Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders and treatment focus on various aspects of Repetitive Motion Injuries, Repetitive Strain Injuries, Cumulative Trauma Disorders, Occupational Cervico-brachial Disorders, Overuse Syndrome, Regional Musculoskeletal Disorders, Soft Tissue Disorders, Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Musculoskeletal Disorders. It can be seen in the elderly, arthritis, drug interaction checker, fibromyalgia, living healthy, lupus osteoarthritis, pill identifier, rheumatoid arthritis, sports injuries, etc. Musculoskeletal disorders are among the most common problems in sport injuries resulting loss of mobility and physical independence. Homoeopathic treatment schedule considers disease as a dynamic unit and the derangement of the whole man, expressed through the particular organs of the body, i.e. the ‘whole man’ is primarily diseased and individual organs/parts are only secondarily affected. It distinguishes each entity suffering from various or same diseases as different from others, because individuals are inimitable by virtue of their particular and peculiar mental and physical states, and characteristics. Concisely, it lays emphasis on, the ‘person diagnosis’, instead of the ‘disease diagnosis’. Therefore,” every diseases has a cure” is the believe of homoeopathy. Under this flow of homeopathy principle, the aim of this article is to present some of the most frequent musculoskeletal disorders in sports Injuries and their homoeopathic treatment schedule .Sports is an essential part of each nation. There are many ways to classify sports injuries based on the time taken for the tissues to become injured, tissue type affected, severity of the injury, and type of the injury occurred in the individual. Therefore, different homeopathic treatments are required to tackle different category of injury especially the outcomes of sport activities.


Keywords: Acute injuries, homoeopathy, overuse injuries, prevention, sports injuries, treatment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Engebretsen L, Laprade R, McCrory P, Meeuwisse W. The IOC manual of sports injuries: an illustrated guide to the management of injuries in physical activity. Bahr R, editor. John Wiley & Sons; 2012 Jun 12.
2. Freemont AJ, Hoyland JA. Morphology, mechanisms and pathology of musculoskeletal ageing. J Pathol. 2007; 211:252–9.
3. Cheong HW, Peh WC, Guglielmi G. Imaging of diseases of the axial and peripheral skeleton. RadiolClin North Am. 2008; 46:703–33.
4. Verhagen E, van Mechelen W. Sports Injury Research. Oxford University Press; 2010.
5. Brukner P. Brukner & Khan's Clinical Sports Medicine. North Ryde: McGraw-Hill; 2012.
6. Clarsen B. Overuse injuries in sport: development, validation and application of a new surveillance method.
7. Jacobsson J, Timpka T, Kowalski J, Nilsson S, Ekberg J, Dahlstrom O, Renstrom PA. Injury patterns in Swedish elite athletics: annual incidence, injury types and risk factors. Br J Sports Med 2013: 47: 941-952.
8. Bahr MA, Bahr R. Jump frequency may contribute to risk of jumper's knee: a study of inter-individual and sex differences in a total of 11 943 jumps video recorded during training and matches in young elite volleyball players. Br J Sports Med 2014: doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014- 093593.
9. Lian Ø, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Prevalence of jumper's knee among elite athletes from different sports: a cross-sectional study. Am J Sports Med 2005: 33: 561-567.
10. Bahr R. No injuries, but plenty of pain? On the methodology for recording overuse symptoms in sports. Br J Sports Med 2009: 43: 966-972.
11. Zwerver J, Bredeweg SW, van den Akker-Scheek I. Prevalence of Jumper's knee among non-elite athletes from different sports: a cross-sectional survey. Am J Sports Med 2011: 39: 1984-1988.
12. DiFiori JP, Benjamin HJ, Brenner JS, Gregory A, Jayanthi N, Landry GL, Luke A. Overuse injuries and burnout in youth sports: a position statement from the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. Br J Sports Med 2014: 48: 287-288.
13. Stovitz SD, Johnson RJ. "Underuse" as a cause for musculoskeletal injuries: is it time that we started reframing our message? Br J Sports Med 2006: 40: 738-739.
14. Lynch S. Assessment of the Injured Ankle in the Athlete. J Athl Train 2002 37(4) 406-412
15. Kannus P. Structure of the tendon connective tissue. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2000; 10: 312-320.
16. Garrett WE. Muscle strain injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1996; 24:S2-88
17. Tero AH Järvinen, Teppo LN Järvinen, MinnaKääriäinen, Hannu Kalimo, Markku Jarvinen. Basic Science Update: Muscle Treatment. Am J Sports;May;33:745-­‐764
18. Järvinen M, Tero AH. Muscle strain injuries. Rheumatology. 2010(2); 12: 155-161
19. Kneeland JP. MR imaging of muscle and tendon injury. Eur J Radiol. Nov 1997; 25(3):198-208
20. Kalimo H, Rantanen J, Järvinen M. Muscle injuries in sports. Baillieres Clin Orthop. 1997;2: 1-24
21. http://www.nsmi.org.uk/articles/avoid-sports-injury.html
22. https://www.elastoplast.com.au/strapping-and-injuries/injury-management-and-prevention/injury-management
23. https://www.therapeuticassociates.com/health-wellness/injury-prevention/self-treatment-of-injuries-with-the-pricer-method/
24. http://thephysiotherapyclinics.com/soft-tissue-injuries/
25. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/sports-injuries/treatment/
26. Giraud-Billoud M, Rivera-Ingraham GA, Moreira DC, Burmester T, Castro-Vazquez A, Carvajalino-Fernández JM, Dafre A, Niu C, Tremblay N, Paital B, Rosa Rj, Storey ⁠ JM, Vega IA, Zhang W, Yepiz-Plascencia G, Zenteno-Savin⁠T, Storey KB, Lima MH. Twenty years of the ‘Preparation for Oxidative Stress’ (POS) theory: Ecophysiological advantages and molecular strategies. Comp Biochem Physiol A. 2019. 234:36-49. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.04.004
27. Paital B, Guru D, Mohapatra P, Panda B, Parida N, Rath S, Kumar V, Saxena PS, Srivastava A. Ecotoxic impact assessment of graphene oxide on lipid peroxidation at mitochondrial level and redox modulation in fresh water fish Anabas testudineus. Chemosphere. 224 (2019) 796-804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.02.156.
28. Pallavi Mishra, Biswaranjan Paital, S Jena, L Samanta, S Kumar, S Swain. Possible activation of NRF2 by Vitamin E/Curcumin against altered thyroid hormone induced oxidative stress via NFĸB/AKT/mTOR/KEAP1 signalling in rat heart. Sci. Rep. 2019. 9(1):7408, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-43320-5.
29. Ganapathy T Iswariya, Biswaranjan Paital, Padma R Padma, Ramalingam Nirmaladevi. microRNAs: Epigenetic players in cancer and aging. Frontiers in Bioscience, Scholar, 2019. 11, 9-9. DOI:10.2741/S524.
30. Paital B, Bal A, Rivera-Ingraham, GA, Lignot JH. Increasing frequency of large-scale die-off events in the Bay of Bengal: reasoning, perceptive and future approaches. Ind. J. Geo-Mar Sci. 2018. 47(11), 2135-2146.http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/45314
31. Paital B. Nutraceutical values of fish demand their ecological genetic studies: A short review. Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology. (2018) 79(16), 1-11. DOI: 10.1186/s41936-018-0030-x
32. Paital B.Removing small non-enzymatic molecules for biochemical assay of redox regulatory enzymes; An exemplary comments on “Antioxidant responses in gills and digestive gland of oyster Crassostrea madrasensis (Preston) under lead exposure. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 154 (2018) 337–340 doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.01.051
33. Paital B. Redox Regulation in Animals to Slow Down Ageing. J. Biores. Comm. 2017. 1, 1, 1-2.
34. Paital B, Jahan T, Priyadarshini S, Mohanty A, Antioxidants and Ageing. Open Journal of Environmental Biology. 2017. 2(1). 021 – 022.
35. Paital B, Das S, Dutta SK, Diclofenac Induced Vulture Deaths in Odisha, India: Time to Debate or Conserve Them?Pharm Anal Acta 2016, 7:9, 1-2. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000508.
36. Samanta L, Paital B Effects of seasonal variation on oxidative stress physiology in natural population of toad Bufo melanostictus; Clues for analysis of environmental pollution Environ Sc Poll Res. 2016. 23(22), 22819-22831. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-7481-8
37. Paital B, Rivera-Ingraham, GA. High speed urbanization and its effects on aquatic food chain especially on fish in Bata river of Odisha, India. J Fish Sci.com. 2016. 10(4): 1-3
38. Paital B. Sector based mass spectrometry: An advanced technique in metabolomics and proteomics. Res J Biol. 2016. 4(2), 55-57.
39. Paital B. RE: 2016 Science News at Glance. Science. 2016. 352, (6290), 1-2. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6290/1148/tab-e-letters
40. 2016. Paital B. Mass spectrophotometry: an advanced technique in biomedical sciences. Adv Tech Biol Med. (ISSN: 2379-1764). 4, 182, 1-8. doi: 10.4172/2379-1764.1000182. . Paital B. RE: Full speed ahead to the city on the hill. Science.2016. 352 (6288), 1-2. http:// http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6288/886/tab-e-letters
41. Radinnurafiqah M, Paital B, Kumar S, Abubaker S, Tripathy S. AgNO3 dependant modulation of glucose mediated respiration kinetics in Escherichia coli at different pH and temperature. J Mol Recog. 2016. 29(11):544-554. IF: 1.868. DOI: 10.1002/jmr.2554
42. Paital B Role of cyclonic storm as natural disaster and other factors on vulture mortality in India. J Geograph Nat Disast. 2016. 6: 165, 1-5. doi:10.4172/2167-0587.1000165.
43. Chainy GBN, Paital B, Dandpat J. An Overview of Seasonal Changes in Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defence Parameters in some Invertebrate and Vertebrate Species. Scientifica. 2016. Article number 6126570. 1-8 pages. doi.org/10.1155/2016/6126570.
44. Paital B. Oxidative stress and ageing in animals under thermal stress due to global warming: A perspective. Res J Biol. 2016. 4(1): 4-8.
45. Paital B, Panda SK, Hati AK, Mohanty B, Mohapatra MK, Kanungo S, Chainy GBN. Longevity of animals under reactive oxygen species stress and disease susceptibility due to global warming. World J Biol Chem 2016. 7(1): 110-127. doi.org/10.4331/wjbc.v7.i1.110.
46. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Redox metabolism in fishes under thermal stress warrants more attention. J Fish Sci.com. 2016. 10(1): 22-26.
47. Paital B, Sablok G, Kumar S, Singh SK, Chainy GBN.Investigating the conformational structure and potential site interactions of SOD inhibitors on Ec-SOD in marine mud crab Scylla serrata: A molecular modeling approach. J Interdisciplinary Sci Comp Lif Sci. 2015. 8: 312-318. DOI: 10.1007/s12539-015-0110-2.
48. Paital B, Das S, Dutta SK, Biochemical and environmental insights of declining vulture population in some Asian countries. Curr. Trends Biotechnol. Pharmacol., 2015. 9(4), 389-410.
49. Paital B. Over generalized discussion of results and poor use of the terminology in science. Bioenergetics. 2015.4(2), 1-2. doi.org/10.4172/2167-7662.1000124.
50. Paital B, Tripathy S. Possible reasons of vulture mortality and their remedial measures with special reference to Indian context. Everyman Sci. 2015. XLIX (6) 356-362.
51. Paital B, Hati AK, Naik KN, Mishra AK, Nanda LK, Chainy GBN. Re: Editorial Comment on Constitutional, Organopathic and Combined Homeopathic Treatment of Begin Prostatic Hypertrophy: A Clinical Trial: S. A. Kaplan J Urol 2013; 190: 1818-1819. J. Urol. 2014. 193, 1-2. doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2014.04.088
52. Paital B. A modified fluorimetric method for determination of hydrogen peroxide using homovanillic acid oxidation principle. BioMed Res. Int. 2014.Vol. 2014, Article ID 342958, 1-8 pages , UGC No. 5039. doi.org/10.1155/2014/342958
53. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Effects of temperature on complex I and II mediated mitochondrial respiration, ROS generation and oxidative stress status in gills of the mud crab Scylla serrata. J. Therm. Biol. 2014. 41, 104–111, doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2014.02.013
54. Paital B. Modulation of redox regulatory molecules and electron transport chain activity in muscle of air breathing fish Heteropneustes fossilis under air exposure stress. J. Comp. Physiol. B, 2014. 184, 65–76. doi: 10.1007/s00360-013-0778-8
55. Paital BR, Tripathy S, Dutta SK, Samantaray RK. Vulture mortality: An analysis in Indian context. e-planet 2014. 11 (2): 48-59.
56. Paital B. Antioxidant and oxidative stress parameters in brain of Heteropneustes fossilis under air exposure condition; Role of mitochondrial electron transport chain. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2013. 95, 69–77. doi 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.05.016
57. Paital B, Samanta L. A comparative study of hepatic mitochondrial oxygen consumption in four vertebrates by using Clark-type electrode. Acta Biol. Hung. 2013. 64, 152–160. doi:10.1556/ABiol.64.2013.2.2.
58. Paital B, Kumar S, Farmer R, Tripathy NK, Chainy GBN. In silico prediction of 3D structure of superoxide dismutase of Scylla serrata and its binding properties with inhibitors. Interdiscip. Sci. Comput. Life Sci. 2013. 5, 69-76doi: 10.1007/s12539-013-0150-4
59. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Seasonal variability of antioxidant biomarkers in mud crabs (Scylla serrata). Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 2013. 87, 33-41. UGC no. 10425. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.10.006
60. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Modulation of expression of SOD isoenzymes in mud crab (Scylla serrata): effects of inhibitors, salinity and season. J. Enz. Inhibition Med. Chem. 2013. 28, 195-204. doi:10.3109/14756366.2011.645239
61. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Effects of salinity on O2 consumption, ROS generation and oxidative stress status of gill mitochondria of the mud crab Scylla serrata. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C, 2012. 155, 228-237. doi:10.1016/j.cbpc.2011.08.009
62. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Biology and conservation of the genus Scylla in India subcontinent. J. Environ. Biol. 2012. 33, 871-879.
63. Paital B, Kumar S, Farmer R, Tripathy NK, Chainy GBN. In silico prediction and characterization of 3D structure and binding properties of catalase from the commercially important crab, Scylla serrata. Interdiscip. Sci. Comput. Life Sci. 2011. 3, 110-120. doi: 10.1007/s12539-011-0071-z
64. Paital B, Bohidar K. Effect of dietary alpha glycine on cocoon production in the silk worm Bombyxmori. Curr. Trends Biotechnol. Pharmacol., 2011. 5, 1157-1162.
65. Paital B, Chainy GBN. Antioxidant defenses and oxidative stress parameters in tissues of mud crab (Scylla serrata) with reference to changing salinity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C, 2010. 151, 142-151. doi:10.1016/j.cbpc.2009.09.007
66. Subudhi U, Das K, Paital B, Bhanja S, Chainy GBN. Supplementation of curcumin and vitamin E enhances oxidative stress, but restores hepatic histoarchitecture in hypothyroid rats. Life Sci. 2009. 84, 372-379. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2008.12.024
67. Subudhi U, Das K, Paital B, Bhanja S, Chainy GBN. Alleviation of enhanced oxidative stress and oxygen consumption of L-thyroxin induced hyperthyroid rat liver mitochondria by vitamin E and curcumin. Chem. Biol. Interact. 2008. 173, 105-114. doi:10.1016/j.cbi.2008.02.005
68. Mishra P, Paital B, Jena S, Swain SS, Kumar S, Yadav MK, Chainy GBN, Samanta L. 2019. Possible activation of NRF2 by Vitamin E/Curcumin against altered thyroid hormone induced oxidative stress via NFĸB/AKT/mTOR/KEAP1 signalling in rat heart. Sci. Rep. accepted
69. Nayak C, Hati AK, Dash SK, Paital B. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Homoeopathic Treatment: Case Study of A 64 Years Old Patient. Indo American J. Pharmaceutical Sci 2017; 04(12):4695–4703.
70. Nayak C, Hati AK, Dash SK, Paital B. A Case Report On Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia With Homeopathic Remedies. Indo American Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2017; 04(11):4398–4403.
71. Hati AK, Rath S, Nayak C, Raj I, Sahoo AR, Paital B. 2018.Successful treatment of ureteric calculi with constitutional homoeopathic medicine Lycopodium clavatum: A Case report.J. Drug Delivery Therapeutics. 2018; 8(6):1-7.doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v8i6.2043
72. Sahoo AR, Barik BB, Hati AK, Paital B. 2018. Right Potency Matters: A Case Report of Homoeopathic Treatment of Verruca Palmaris. Homeopathic Links. 2018; 31(03): 204-208. DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1673647
73. Sahoo AR, Nayak C, Hati AK, Rath S, Paital B. A review on research evidences in homoeopathy for urinary tract infections. W. J. Pharm. Res. 2018; 7(13):185-200. DOI: 10.20959/wjpr201813-12679
74. Nayak Chintamani, Sahoo Amulya Kumar, Nayak Chaturbhuja, Prusti Umakanta, Hati Akshaya Kumar, Paital Biswaranjan. A case report of ureteric calculus treated with homoeopathic medicine, Hydrangea arborescens30. Indo Am J Pharm Sc. 2018; 05 (01):627-633. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1165287
75. Misra Alok, Nayak Chaturbhuja, Paital B. Carcinosin, a boon for pediatric nephrolithiasis: case reports. W J Pharm Res. 2018; 7(3):922-931. DOI:10.20959/wjpr20183-10870
76. Hati AK, Paital B, Sahoo AR, Shankar U. A case study for successful treatment of vitiligo with a constitutional homoeopathic formulation Calcarea carbonica. Indo Am J Pharm Sci. 2018; 05(01):299-303. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1149335
77. Sahoo AR, Paital B, Taneja D, Hati A.K. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Anganwadi Workers on Homoeopathic Formulations. Indo American J Pharmaceutical Res. 2017; 7(10):574-581.
78. Paital B, Hati AK, Nayak C, Mishra AK, and Nanda LK. Combined Effects of Constitutional and Organopathic Homeopathic Medicines for Better Improvement of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Cases. International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images 2017; 4(7):1-2. doi: 10.4172/2376-0249.1000574
79. Paital B, Hati AK, Naik KN, Mishra AK, Nanda LK, Chainy GBN. Re: Editorial Comment on Constitutional, Organopathic and Combined Homeopathic Treatment of Begin Prostatic Hypertrophy: A Clinical Trial: S. A. Kaplan J Urol 2013; 190:1818-1819. J. Urol., 193, 1-2. doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2014.04.088
80. Hati AK, Paital B, Naik KN, Mishra AK, Chainy GBN, Nanda LK. Constitutional, organopathic and combined homeopathic treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy: a clinical trial. Homeopathy, 2012; 101:217-223. doi:10.1016/j.homp.2012.08.005.
81. Paital, B., Hati, A., Prusrty, U., Prusty, U., & Panda, F. (2019). Importance of Diet/Nutrition and Regimen in Homoeopathic Treatment. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(3), 575-583. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i3.2801
82. https://www.homeopathicmd.com/2011/05/sports-and-exercise-injuries/
83. Bhanja KC. Master Key to Homoeopathic Materia Medica. Calcutta: National Homoeo Laboratory; 2012.
84. Choudhuri NM.A Study on Materia Medica. 13th impression. New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2016.
85. Gunwante SM. First Aid with Homoeopathy. Reprint Edition.New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2006.
86. Allen HC. Keynote and characteristic with comparison of some of the leading remedies of the Materia Medica with bowel nosodes.9thimpression.New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2010.
87. Kar KK. Homoeopathy: State & Affairs. Bhubaneswar: Auroshree Publication; 2014.
88. Muzumdar K.P. Textbook of Homoeopathic therapeutics with clinical approach. Reprintedition. Kolkata: New central book agency (P) Ltd; 2013.
89. Krishnamoorty V. Homoeopathy in Accidents and Injuries with a short repertory on emergencies.2ndReprint edition. New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2003.
90. Kent J.T. Repertory of the Homoeopathic Materia Medica.54thimpression.New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2017
91. Kent J.T. Lecture on Homoeopathic Materia Medica. Reprint edition. New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 1992
92. Lilienthal S. Homoeopathic therapeutics. 24thimpression.New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2002
93. Boericke W.Pocket Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica and Repertory.14th impression. New Delhi: B. Jain Publisher Pvt. Ltd; 2016
Statistics
15 Views | 60 Downloads
How to Cite
Nayak, C., Hati, A., Pati, S., Dhal, S., & PAITAL, B. (2019). A view of Homoeopathy on Musculoskeletal Disorders in Sports Injuries. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics, 9(3-s), 857-866. https://doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v9i3-s.2995

Most read articles by the same author(s)