ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES OF Polypodium vulgare Linn. : A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
Polypodium vulgare Linn. commonly called as Bisfaij is a medicinal plant which is used in various ailments. It is one of the most archaic and essential plant, belonging to the family Polypodiaceae. It contains organic substances such as resin, tannins, steroids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, protein, reducing sugar and inorganic substances like calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, iron and chloride. It is used in Unani system of medicine for the treatment of sorethroat, stomach-aches, leprosy, melancholia, spleenomegaly, haemorrhoids, rheumatic swelling of the joints etc. Besides this, it has other pharmacological activities too such as antiepileptic, neuro-psychopharmacological, antipyretic, antibiotic, antiviral etc. This review paper discuses the medicinal values of Polypodium vulgare Linn. in Unani medicine as well as its modern pharmacology and gives a new impetus to utilize Bisfaij in various disorders.
Keywords: Bisfaij, Polypodium vulgare Linn, Phytopharmacology, Unani Medicine.
New Delhi. P. 370- 371.
2. Kabeeruddin HM. Ilmul Advia Nafisi. Aijaz Publishing House, New Delhi, 2007. P.
3. Pervaiz A Dar, G Sofi, Shabir A Parray, MA Jafri. Effect of rhizome extract of
Bisfayej (Polypodium vulgare L) on chemically induced catalepsy in mice.
International Journal of Institutional Pharmacy and Life Sciences. 2012; 2(4):94-
4. Rastogi RP, Mehrotra BN. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants, CDRI,
Lucknow & National Institute of Science Communication, New Delhi. 1960-1969;
5. Krishnakumaran A, Schneiderman HA. Chemical control of moulting in
Arthropods. Nature 1968, 220: 601-603.
6. Mannan A, Khan RA, Asif M. Pharmacodynamic studies on Polypodium vulgare
Linn.Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 1989, 27: 556-560.
7. Chevallier A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. Dorling Kindersley, London
8. Dymogk W, Warden C.J.H, Hooper D. A History of the principal Drugs of
Vegetable Origin, Met with in British India .Part -III. M/S Bishen singh Mahendra
Pal Singh 23, Dehra Dun 621-622.
9. Rastogi R.P, Mehrotra B.N. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants Vol-I, CDRI,
Lucknow & National Institute of Science Communication, New Delhi. 1960-1969,
10. Ollgaard B, Tind K. Scandinavian Ferns. Rhodos, Aarhus 1993, 88-91.
11. Foster S. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Houghton Mifflin, Boston 1990, 306.
12. Bown D. New Encyclopedia of Herbs & Their Uses. London: DK 2002, 327.
13. Moran RC. A Natural History of Ferns. Timber Press, Portland/Cambridge 2004,
14. Ryvarden L. Norske Planter 1.J.W. Cappelens Forlag A.S., Oslo 1993, 43-44; lid
And lid 2005.
15. Shivas MG. Contribution to the cytology and taxonomy of species of Polypodium
In Europe and America. Journal of the Linnean Society of botany, 1961
16. htt://en.wikiepedia.org/wiki/common_polypod (Retrieved 15. November 2010.)
17. Anonymous, standardization of single Drugs of Unani Medicine, New
Delhi, CCRUM, 1992: Vol-I, (Part I. P. 267-71, Part III. P. 86-90), Vol.II, (Part II. P. 282-
89), Vol III (Part III. P.20-25, 79-84).
18. Ibn Baitar Ziauddin Abdullah bin Ahmad; Al Jamae ul Mufradat lil Advia wal
Aghziya (Urdu Translation). New Delhi, CCRUM ; (YNM). P.54-56, 94-97, 129-
31, 231-33, 276-77,339- 41.
19. Chopra RN, Nayar SL, Chopra IC Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants. Council of
Scientific & Industrial Reserach, New Delhi 1956, 201.
20. Duke JA, Ayensu ES. Medicinal Plants of China 4, Vol. 2. Reference
Publications; Michigan 1985, 517-518.
21. Chiej R. The Macdonald Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. Macdonald & Co,
Verona 1988, 244.
22. Jizba J, Herout V, Å orm F. Isolation of Ecdysterone (Crustecdysone) from
Polypodium vulgare L. Rhizomes. Tetrahedron Letters 1967, 18: 1689-1691.
23. Husson GP, Vilagines R, Delaveau P. Recherche de PropriÃ©tÃ©s Antivirales de
quelques Extraits Dâ€™orgine Naturelle. Ann. Pharmaceutiques FranÃ§aises 1986,
24. Krishnakumaran A, Schneiderman HA. Chemical control of moulting in
Arthropods. Nature 1968, 220: 601-603.
25. Anonymous. Bisfayej-Rhizome. Unani Pharmacopoeia of India. Department of
AYUSH Government of India. Ministry of Health and Family Education. New
Delhi, 2007; II (I):29-30.
26. Rastogi RP, Mehrotra BN. Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants, CDRI,
Lucknow & National Institutional of Science Communication, New Delhi. 1960-
1969; I: 324-325.
27. Moran RC. A Natural History of Ferns. Portland: Cambridge Timber Press, 2004,
28. Husson G., Vilagines R., & Delaveau P. Antiviral activity of extract of polypodium
vulgare. Pharmaceutical Francaises. 1986; 44: 41-48.
29. Jizba J., Herout V. & Sorm, F. Isolation of Ecdysterone from Polypodium vulgar L
Rhizomes. Tetrahedron letters. 1967; 18: 1689-1691.
31. Mannan, A., Khan, R., & Asif, M. Pharmacodynamic studies on Polypodium
vulgare L. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1989; 27: 556-560.
32. Ibn-e-Sina. Al-Qanun Fil-Tibb. (English translation) Deptt. of Islamic Studies
Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard University. New Delhi. 1998. P. 51, 54, 55, 83, 96.
33. Azam MK. Mohit-e-Azam (Persion). Nizami Press Lucknow, 1898. P. 306-307.
34. Kabirruddin, M. H., 2000. Makhzanul Mufridat Al Maroof Khawasul Advia,
Deoband and, Faisal Publication; P.129- 130.
35. Ghani, M. N., YNM. Khazainul Advia. Musawwer Edition ed. Delhi: Idara Kitabus-
Shifa; P. 792- 793.
36. Anonymous. Standardisation of single drugs of Unani medicine, Part Î™Î™Î™. New
Delhi:CCRUM, Ministry of H & FW, Govt. of India: 1992. P.79-80.
37. Hakeem, M. A., 2002. Bustan Al Mufridat. Musawwar Edition ed. New Delhi:
Idara Kitabus-Shifa; P. 92.
38. Sina I, Al Qanoon Fit Tibb. New Delhi: Ejaz Publishing House, Daryaganj; 1927.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).