A Review of Darchini (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) in Unani Medicine with Therapeutic Benefits and other Pharmacological potential

  • Sarfaraz Ahmad Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, India
  • Sumbul Mehdi Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India
  • Abdul Aleem Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India
  • Asif Ahmad Khan Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3993-7741
  • Saima Naseem Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India
  • Marghoob Ahmad Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Abstract

Darchini (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) is a bark of a cinnamon plant that belongs to the Lauraceae family.  Cinnamon is a rich tasting and aromatic spice used by different cultures worldwide. Recently, many phytochemicals were discovered and obtained from Darchini. Numerous experimental research using these phytochemical components have established several therapeutic actions. In addition, it possesses useful medicinal properties and is considered a remedy for indigestion, flatulency, depletion of innate heat, respiratory diseases, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and neurological disorders. A manual literature search of classical Unani manuscripts was carried out to acquire information on temperament (Mizaj), pharmacological activities and medicinal applications of Darchini. In addition, all accessible material on phytochemical, physiochemical and pharmacological studies have been collected using an extensive review of internet sources such PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct.  The aim of this review article is to further highlight the discovered pharmacological effect and medicinal values of Cinnamomum zeylanicum as per the Unani literature as well as scientific research. Based on scientific studies regarding its phytochemical components, it is beneficial for various ailments. Darchini also has a beneficial effect on some gynaecological disorders such as amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, prolapse, and vaginosis. However, there is need to conduct experimental and clinical study to validate their effectiveness and safety in humans.


Keywords: Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Darchini, Gynaecological disorders Phytochemicals, Unani system of medicine

Keywords: Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Darchini, Gynaecological disorders, Phytochemicals, Unani system of medicine

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Author Biographies

Sarfaraz Ahmad, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, India

Assistant professor, Department of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Sumbul Mehdi, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Assistant professor, Department of Ilmul Qabalat Wa Niswan (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Abdul Aleem, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Assistant professor, Department of Moalajat (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Asif Ahmad Khan, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Assitant professor, Department of Ilmul Atfal (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Saima Naseem, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Assitant professor, Department of Mahayatul Amraz (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Marghoob Ahmad, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

Assitant professor, Department of Kulliyat (Faculty of Unani Medicine), Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Pin: 342037, India

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1.
Ahmad S, Mehdi S, Aleem A, Khan AA, Naseem S, Ahmad M. A Review of Darchini (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) in Unani Medicine with Therapeutic Benefits and other Pharmacological potential. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jun.2024 [cited 17Jul.2024];14(6):223-9. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6645