A Comprehensive Review of Insomnia and Its Regimenal Management in The Unani System of Medicine

  • Meraj Meraj PG Scholar, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), college of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital AYUSH Campus, Nehru Nagar Kolar Bypass Road, Behind MANIT, Bhopal - 462003 (M.P.) India. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-7594-8272
  • Abdul Rehman M.I. Assistant Professor, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India. https://orcid.org/0009-0008-3625-3655
  • Naseem Ahmad Khan Assistant Professor, Dept. of Munafeul Aza (Physiology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-0373-2173
  • Sadique Husain Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ilmul Advia (Unani Pharmacology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India. https://orcid.org/0009-0006-3611-7763
  • Noushiba Khan PG Scholar, Dept. of Tahaffuzi Wa Samaji Tibb (Preventive & Social Medicine), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India. https://orcid.org/0009-0008-1487-7432

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this review is to explore the Regimenal Therapy for the Management of Insomnia in contrast to Unani Classical Literature. Therefore, further clinical studies will be done for its scientific validation.


Data Source: The review data were gathered from peer-reviewed research articles taken from several online resources, including PubMed, Google, and Google Scholar. Keywords including Insomnia, and prevalence of insomnia were part of the online search strategy. Library of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan, Bhopal was also accessed for the Unani Classical literature.


Summary: Insomnia is characterized as a persistent difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep, and results in some form of daytime impairment. It is currently a prevalent disease with the incidence varying globally between 10% and 60%. Insomnia is described as Sahar or Bekhaabi in the Unani System of Medicine. Thirty Unani Classical Literature reviewed; 19 were relevant to Insomnia, and 9 were related to Regimenal Therapy. Thirteen therapies explored: Naṭūl, Sa‘ūṭ, Tadhīn, Ḥammām, Dalk, Riyāḍat, Ṭilā’, Ḍimād, Lakhlakha, Shamūm, Qaṭūr, Nashūq, Pāshoya. These therapies are beneficial for managing Insomnia.


Conclusion: The implication of Regimenal Therapy appears promising and describes its possible uses for Insomnia. Use of regimenal therapies with fewer drugs, which seems to be effective for Insomnia. Further clinical studies are required to scientifically validate the existing Regimenal Therapy about its efficacy and safety.


Keywords: Insomnia, Ilaj bil Tadbeer, Regimenal therapy, Sahar, Unani System of Medicine

Keywords: Insomnia, Ilaj bil Tadbeer, Regimenal therapy, Sahar, Unani System of Medicine

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Author Biographies

Meraj Meraj, PG Scholar, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), college of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital AYUSH Campus, Nehru Nagar Kolar Bypass Road, Behind MANIT, Bhopal - 462003 (M.P.) India.

PG Scholar, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), college of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital AYUSH Campus, Nehru Nagar Kolar Bypass Road, Behind MANIT, Bhopal - 462003 (M.P.) India.

Abdul Rehman M.I., Assistant Professor, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Assistant Professor, Dept. of ‘Ilāj bi’l Tadbīr (Regimenal Therapy), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Naseem Ahmad Khan, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Munafeul Aza (Physiology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Assistant Professor, Dept. of Munafeul Aza (Physiology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Sadique Husain, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ilmul Advia (Unani Pharmacology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Assistant Professor, Dept. of Ilmul Advia (Unani Pharmacology), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

Noushiba Khan, PG Scholar, Dept. of Tahaffuzi Wa Samaji Tibb (Preventive & Social Medicine), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

PG Scholar, Dept. of Tahaffuzi Wa Samaji Tibb (Preventive & Social Medicine), College of Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Government (Autonomous) Unani Medical College & Hospital Bhopal, India.

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Meraj M, Rehman M.I. A, Khan NA, Husain S, Khan N. A Comprehensive Review of Insomnia and Its Regimenal Management in The Unani System of Medicine. JDDT [Internet]. 15May2024 [cited 17May2024];14(5):158-62. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6562