A Study on Impact of Self Medication in Adults and Paediatrics in COVID-19 Pandemic

  • S Sathya Narayana Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2218-9206
  • Jose Albin Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9711-2786
  • S Arun Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9340-0833
  • M Prashanth Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4510-3906
  • Mani Muthukumar Business Analyst, MResult Services, Bangalore. Research Scholar - Part time, PESU institute of pharmacy PES University Bangalore. And Visiting Faculty, Nargund College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0827-5108
  • R Srinivasan Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1731-5901
  • B V Saikrupa Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3770-8358

Abstract

Background: Self-medication is defined as the use of medicinal products by the consumer to treat self-recognized disorders or symptoms, or the intermittent or continued use of a medication prescribed by a physician for chronic or recurring diseases or symptoms, which often is accompanied by potential risks to the consumers, including toxicity, therapeutic failure and drug-drug as well as drug-food interactions. The practice of self-medication has exponentially risen during the Covid-19 pandemic due to fear of visiting healthcare setups and subsequently contracting infections.


Aim: The present study aims to determine the prevalence of self-medication in adults and pediatric patients during Covid-19. settings and Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey study was conducted among 556 participants, including pediatric and adult populations, for a period of 6 months, through an online platform.


Methods and Material: The data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire, which included informed consent, questions on patient demographics and self-medication practices, and plausible reasons for it. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0, and R environment ver.3.2.2 software.


Results: Out of 556 participants the prevalence of self-medicating with paracetamol was considered to be high both in adults and paediatrics which was found to be 72.6% (319) and 66.6% (117) respectively. During Covid-19 symptoms, it was reported that Azithromycin consumption was found to be more than paracetamol. It also showed that 62.9% (439) were self-medicating before the Covid-19 pandemic and 20.5 % (439) were not aware of the risks associated with self-medication. The major source of self-medication was found to be Google (46.5%) followed by using old prescriptions (121.5%) and using family or friends’ prescriptions (10.9%).


Conclusions: The study showed a conclusive rise in self-medication practices during the Covid pandemic among the SM-naïve population.


Keywords: Self-medication, Prevalence, Prescription, Covid-19

Keywords: Self-medication, Prevalence, Prescription, Covid-19

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Author Biographies

S Sathya Narayana, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Jose Albin, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

S Arun, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

M Prashanth, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Mani Muthukumar, Business Analyst, MResult Services, Bangalore. Research Scholar - Part time, PESU institute of pharmacy PES University Bangalore. And Visiting Faculty, Nargund College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, India

Business Analyst, MResult Services, Bangalore. Research Scholar - Part time, PESU institute of pharmacy PES University Bangalore. And Visiting Faculty, Nargund College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, India

R Srinivasan, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

B V Saikrupa, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical sciences, PES University, Bangalore [formerly PES College of Pharmacy, Bangalore], India

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Sathya Narayana S, Albin J, Arun S, Prashanth M, Muthukumar M, Srinivasan R, Saikrupa BV. A Study on Impact of Self Medication in Adults and Paediatrics in COVID-19 Pandemic. JDDT [Internet]. 15May2024 [cited 17May2024];14(5):6-0. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6525