A Basic Review on Hypertension, its Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Treatment

  • Anjali Singh Research Scholar, Adarsh Vijendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shobhit University, Saharanpur, UP, 247341
  • Vishal Vishal NKBR College of Pharmacy and Research, Meerut-Hapur Road, Phaphunda, UP, 245206
  • Ankit Kumar Katyayani College of Education, Karnal - Meerut Rd, Badruddinnagar Nanu, Meharmati Ganeshpur, UP, 250341
  • Sonam Sonam Saraswathi College of Pharmacy, National Highway -24, Anwarpur, Pilkhuwa, District- Hapur, UP, 245304
  • Nitin Kumar Shri Venkateshwara University, Rajabpur, NH-24, Venkateshwara Nagar, Gajraula, UP, 244236
  • Neelam Sharma Himachal Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Bela, National Highway 88, Nadaun, HP, 177033

Abstract

Hypertension (HTN) Is Prevalent Leading Health Issue Around the World. It is significant cause for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risk factors? The term "high blood pressure" refers to hypertension. It is long term condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries continuously increased. Distribution of HTN in developed nation, in obese, elderly, pregnancy and now a day’s teenager is also affected. The pathological mechanisms involved in HTN are genetics, sympathetic nervous system over activity, gender differences, cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance, obstructive sleep apnoea, racial and ethnic factors, and many others. it can be prevented by reducing salt intake, weight loss, exercise, smoking cessation. There are many drugs are available for the treatment of this and its combination therapy is more effective. The pathophysiology, diagnosis, and current state of the disease's management are covered in this study.


Keywords: Hypertension, cardiovascular morbidity, cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance

Keywords: Hypertension, cardiovascular morbidity, cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance

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Author Biographies

Anjali Singh, Research Scholar, Adarsh Vijendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shobhit University, Saharanpur, UP, 247341

Research Scholar, Adarsh Vijendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shobhit University, Saharanpur, UP, 247341

Vishal Vishal, NKBR College of Pharmacy and Research, Meerut-Hapur Road, Phaphunda, UP, 245206

NKBR College of Pharmacy and Research, Meerut-Hapur Road, Phaphunda, UP, 245206

Ankit Kumar, Katyayani College of Education, Karnal - Meerut Rd, Badruddinnagar Nanu, Meharmati Ganeshpur, UP, 250341

Katyayani College of Education, Karnal - Meerut Rd, Badruddinnagar Nanu, Meharmati Ganeshpur, UP, 250341

Sonam Sonam, Saraswathi College of Pharmacy, National Highway -24, Anwarpur, Pilkhuwa, District- Hapur, UP, 245304

Saraswathi College of Pharmacy, National Highway -24, Anwarpur, Pilkhuwa, District- Hapur, UP, 245304

Nitin Kumar, Shri Venkateshwara University, Rajabpur, NH-24, Venkateshwara Nagar, Gajraula, UP, 244236

Shri Venkateshwara University, Rajabpur, NH-24, Venkateshwara Nagar, Gajraula, UP, 244236

Neelam Sharma, Himachal Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Bela, National Highway 88, Nadaun, HP, 177033

Himachal Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Bela, National Highway 88, Nadaun, HP, 177033

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Singh A, Vishal V, Kumar A, Sonam S, Kumar N, Sharma N. A Basic Review on Hypertension, its Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Treatment. JDDT [Internet]. 15Mar.2024 [cited 19Apr.2024];14(3):202-9. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6473