Characteristics and perspectives maternal actions relate to oral hygiene of primary school-age children

Abstract

Aim: To analyze the relationship between maternal characteristics and actions to maintain children's oral health with oral hygiene in primary school-aged children


Method: This type of research is quantitative analytical with a cross-sectional approach. The population is students from SD Negeri Seberang Mesjid 1 Banjarmasin. The sample was taken using a purposive sampling technique of 5th-grade students and their mothers. Data collection on characteristics and perspectives of maternal actions used a questionnaire instrument. Meanwhile, data on oral hygiene uses the Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S) examination sheet. Data analysis used an alternative relationship test, namely Fisher's Exact Test.


Results: Most mothers (47.1%) had actions to maintain their children's oral health in the good category. Meanwhile, most children's oral hygiene (49.4%) was in the poor category. The results of the correlation test showed (p-value) that the child's oral hygiene with the mother’s education = 0.000, the mother’s occupation = 0.001, the mother’s exposure to information = 0.000, the family’s income = 0.014, and the mother's age = 0.596. In the correlation test between the mother's actions in maintaining her child's oral health and the children's oral hygiene, it was found that p-value = 0.000.


Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between maternal characteristics which include: education, occupation, family income, and the mother's actions. Meanwhile, the mother's age is not significantly related to the mother's actions. There is a significant relationship between the mother's actions in maintaining her child's oral health and the oral hygiene of primary school-aged children.


Keywords: characteristic, perspective actions, oral hygiene

Keywords: characteristic, perspective actions, oral hygiene

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Author Biographies

Hermien Nugraheni, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Lanny Sunarjo, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Sukini Sukini, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Indonesia

Aryadiva Nugrahaning Prayoga, Universitas Widya Husada Semarang

Universitas Widya Husada Semarang, Indonesia

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Nugraheni H, Sunarjo L, Sukini S, Prayoga A. Characteristics and perspectives maternal actions relate to oral hygiene of primary school-age children. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jan.2024 [cited 25Feb.2024];14(1):96-02. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6374