Tenapanor-A Novel Approach for Management of Hyperphosphatemia in End Stage Renal Disease: A Clinical Study Aggregate Review

CLINICAL STUDY AGGREGATE REPORT

Abstract

The critical importance of phosphate regulation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been well understood for decades. But new findings, frequently applicable to routine medical care, continue to evolve. Poor health outcomes, greater morbidity, lowered quality of life, and a higher death rate from cardiovascular disease are all linked to the development of CKD-bone mineral ailment. Increased blood phosphate levels are linked to an increased risk of mortality in hemodialysis patients due to changes in phosphate breakdown and declining renal function as CKD advances.In this setting, according to  CKD-mineral bone disease recommendations, it is critical to regulate serum phosphate  levels in patients with CKD-mineral bone problem. If dialysis and dietary intervention fail to control blood phosphate levels, the use of phosphate binders is advised. Although phosphate binders are successful in lowering blood phosphate levels by actively binding to dietary phosphate, certain individuals have adverse effects that may restrict their use.These medications also have a significant pill load, which might result in poor treatment compliance. Tenapanor, a novel medication, works by inhibiting the sodium/hydrogen exporter isoform 3 (NHE3), which lowers intestinal phosphate absorption primarily by decreasing passive paracellular phosphate flow. Tenapanor also reduces the expression of the sodium phosphorus 2b transport protein (NaPi2b), which limits active transcellular phosphate absorption compensation. This is considered to be more effective phosphorous absorption regulator and a better target for tailored medication therapy. This clinical study aggregate report explores the currently published studies that have evaluated Tenapanor for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in end stage renal disease patients on haemodialysis.


Keywords: Tenapanor, phosphate binding agents, hyperphosphatemia, chronic kidney disease, phosphate control, phosphate binders, phosphate absorption, phosphate absorbtion inhibitor.

Keywords: Tenapanor, phosphate binding agents, hyperphosphatemia, chronic kidney disease, phosphate control, phosphate binders, phosphate absorption, phosphate absorbtion inhibitor

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Author Biographies

Leema Lobo, MissDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences -PES University, Bangalore-560100, India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences -PES University, Bangalore-560100, India 

Manjari Sharma, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences -PES University, Bangalore-560100, India

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences -PES University, Bangalore-560100, India 

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Lobo L, Kishore N, Sharma M. Tenapanor-A Novel Approach for Management of Hyperphosphatemia in End Stage Renal Disease: A Clinical Study Aggregate Review. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jan.2024 [cited 25Feb.2024];14(1):176-81. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/6336