Formulation of Hair Tonic from Ethanol Extract of Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus tileaceus L.) Leaves in Promoting Hair Growth on Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus)
Hair loss is an unavoidable process, as the age increase, the rate of hair growth also slows down. Hair loss is caused by many factors and occur in different areas of body. Since hair become one of the major aspect for women beauty, hair loss will become a serious problem if it is not solved. Many plants or their extracts have been used to reduce hair loss. The leaves of sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus L.) have been known empirically to promote hair growth and prevent hair loss. The leaves contain saponin, flavonoid, and also polyphenol compounds. The purpose of this study was to formulate sea hibiscus leaf extract into hair tonic preparations and evaluate the activity in triggering hair growth. In this research, tested animals were divided into 5 groups: F0 (blank) as a negative control, F1 (20%), FII (25%), FIII (30%) extract of sea hibiscus leaves and minoxidil as positive control. All preparations made were kept in room temperature for 12 weeks and the pH value test was carried out in first, fourth, eighth and twelfth week. The hair growth activity was done by applying hair tonic to the guinea pig and hair was randomly plucked from test area measuring hair length using calliper on the 7th, 14th, 21st days. On the 21st day, hair tonic of 30% sea hibiscus leaf extract showed a great activity on the growth of hair length with an average of 17.2633 mm and weighed an average of 0.145g, with a significant difference compared to another formula (p < 0.05).
Keywords: Hair tonic, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Sea Hibiscus Leaves
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