A Review on Complications of Sleep Apnea

  • JOHN DAVID Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Cindy Jose Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India
  • N Venkateswaramurthy Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8623-7898
  • R Sambath Kumar Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1454-9582


Sleep apnea occurs when the upper airway repeatedly becomes blocked during sleep, reducing or entirely blocking airflow. This is referred to as obstructive sleep apnea. If the brain fails to provide the necessary impulses for breathing, the disease is known as central sleep apnea. Sleep apnea and other sleep breathing problems are a leading cause of medical, social, and occupational disability. Sleep apnea is also linked to pulmonary hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia and other neurocognitive effects, majority of individuals with sleep apnea go undetected, putting them at danger during surgery. It is critical to identify these patients so that relevant steps can be implemented as soon as possible. In this review article, we will discuss about sleep apnea issues and their possible causes.

Keywords: Sleep apnea, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Breathing, Hypercapnia

Keywords: Sleep apnea, Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Breathing, Hypercapnia


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Author Biographies

JOHN DAVID, Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

Cindy Jose, Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

Post Graduate Student, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

N Venkateswaramurthy, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

R Sambath Kumar, Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India

Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Namakkal (Dt), Kumarapalayam- 638 183, Tamil Nadu, India


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DAVID J, Jose C, Venkateswaramurthy N, Sambath Kumar R. A Review on Complications of Sleep Apnea. JDDT [Internet]. 15Nov.2021 [cited 1Dec.2021];11(6):265-71. Available from: https://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5164