A study to assess the effectiveness of a self-instructional module on prevention and control of nosocomial infection in terms of knowledge and practice among staff nurses working in surgical unit of the Civil hospital, Ahmadabad
Background: Nosocomial infection is also called as 'Hospital Acquired- Infection’. It can be defined as an infection whose development is favoured by a hospital environment, such as one acquired by a patient during a hospital visit or one developing among hospital staff. The nosocomial infection rate is alarming and is estimated at about 30-35 percent of all hospital admissions. Many lives are lost because of the spread of infections in hospitals. Nosocomial infections are important contributors for morbidity and mortality. They became more important public health problem with increasing economic and human impact.
Aims and objective: To assess the knowledge and practice of the staff nurses working in surgical unit of civil hospital Ahmedabad before and after the administration of self-instruction module on prevention of control of nosocomial infection (HAIs). To find co-relation between pre-test knowledge and post-test knowledge.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted using the quasi experimental research approach and research design used was one group pre and post test.30 staff nurses working in surgical unit of civil hospital Ahmedabad are selected by convenient sampling method. Collection tool used on staff nurse was structured knowledge questionnaire and observational checklist
Results: findings revealed that majority of sample (46.66%) were in the age between 21 to 30 years. According to qualification highest percentages (43.33%) belong to G.N.M. Majority had experience between 5 to 7 years (30%). Study findings revealed that the knowledge score of the sample show marked increase as seen in the post-test score of the experimental group indicates that the self-instructional module was effective in improving the knowledge and practice of the samples.
Key words: Nosocomial infection, Prevention, control, staff nurse
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