Proximate Phytochemical analysis of Corallocarpus epigaeus (Arn.) Cl rhizomes and Vernonia anthelmintica willd seeds
The proximate phytochemical analysis of Corallocarpus epigaeus (Arn.) Cl rhizomes and Vernonia anthelmintica wild seeds carried out using standard reference methods. The result shown the seeds of Vernonia anthelmintica had significant values of ash content, moisture content, total solid content and extractives as compared to C. epigaeus rhizomes. The qualitative chemical test indicated that the presence of alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, amino acids and proteins in C. epigaeus rhizomes extract while carbohydrate, flavonoid, saponin, amino acids and proteins were found in the V. anthelmintica seeds extracts. Among all the extract, aqueous extract of V. anthelmintica seeds contains highest amount of total flavonoid content followed by aqueous extract of C. epigaeus rhizomes. The presence of high secondary metabolites in the C. epigaeus (Arn.) Cl rhizomes and V. anthelmintica seeds willd seeds indicated that if the plant is subjected to further research such as identification and characterization of plant, bioactive compounds with strong biological activities may be isolated and novel compounds may also be identified.
Keywords: Ash value, extractive value, total flavonoids content.
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