Formulation and In-Vitro evaluation of Nanocrystal formulation of poorly soluble drugs
Introduction:-Poor solubility of drug compounds which accounts for 40% of new molecules investigated at present is an issue of great concern in pharmaceutical industry and reducing particle size (i,e to reduce below 1000 nm )of drug candidate to be investigated is one of the simplest and efficient ways to overcome this challenge. Drug nanocrystals, solid nanosized drug particles are defined as formulation having 100% drug, which are covered by a stabilizer layer. In this study attempt was made to formulate and evaluate nanocrystals of poorly soluble drugs having low oral bioavailability. Material and method:- Nanocrystals were prepared successfully by varying concentration of different stabilizers by anti-solvent precipitation method. The formulated nanocrystals were evaluated by determining physicochemical characteristics such as physical appearance, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffractometry, solubility studies, particle size distribution, zeta potential, and in vitro drug release profile studies. Results:- An in-vitro study was performed on the successful formulation in comparison to drug powder using dissolution apparatus The particle size of RVT and PSNC-3 was found to be 1975.3 nm and 790.1 nm respectively. Conclusion: Precipitated Nanocrystals formulated with different stablizer’s method resultedin formation of small and uniform RVT nanocrystals with an improved saturation solubility, dissolution rate.
Keywords: Nanocrystal, poorly soluble drugs
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