OVERVIEW OF CYNODON DACTYLON (DOOB GRASS) IN MODERN MEDICINE AS ANTIDIABETIC HERB .
Abstract- AccordingÂ to WHO About 347 million people worldwideÂ haveÂ diabetes, and is predicted to become the seventh leading cause of death in the world by the year 2030.According to Diabetes Atlas 2012, released by â€˜International Diabetes Federationâ€™ India has 63 million people living with diabetes and is only second to China. By 2030, India's diabetes burden is expected to cross the 100 million mark as against 87 million earlier estimated. Â Many oral hypoglycemic agents, such as biguanides and sulfonylurea are availableÂ Â along with insulin for the treatment of diabetes mellitus but they have significant side effects and sometimes they are found to be ineffective in chronic diabetic patients. Â Since ancient times, diabetes has been treated orally with several medicinal plants or their extracts. Phytochemical study showsÂ the presences of flavonoids and sterols in Cynodon dactylon(Doob Grass) which exhibit hypoglycemic activity and are also known for their ability of beta cell regenerationÂ of pancreas. Sterols have also shown to decrease blood sugar in experimental animal models.
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