Profile of bioactive compounds in Rosmarinus officinalis

  • A. Jeevalatha Department of Zoology, GTN College, Dindigul, TamilNadu, India
  • R.V. Kalaimathi Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN
  • Afroze Naveed Basha Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN
  • C. Kandeepan Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN
  • S. Ramya The Thavaram Trust, Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TamilNadu, India
  • T. Loganathan Department of Plant Biology & Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri-601204, TN, IN
  • R. Jayakumararaj Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai, TamilNadu, India

Abstract

Plant Based Natural Products (PBNPs) have contributed to the development of drugs for diverse indications. Worldwide interest in use of PBNPs has been growing, and its beneficial effects being rediscovered for the development of drug leads. Literature survey on indigenous traditional knowledge bestows ethnopharmacological potentials of PBNPs, has inspired research in drug design and discovery; PBNPs provide a baseline for the development of novel drug leads against various pharmacological targets. Reports indicate that rosemary essential oil (ROEO) extracts show biological bioactivities such as hepatoprotective, antifungal, insecticide, antioxidant and antibacterial. However, their application is limited because of their odor, color and taste. Phytochemical screening indicates the presence of phenol, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins, glycosides, saponins, coumarins, terpenoids, quinones, steroids. Owing to widespread applications of phyto-compounds in ROEO - GCMS was performed. GCMS analysis detected the presence of 22 compounds (α-Pinene, Camphene, β-Myrcene, α-Terpinine, p-Cymene, trans-3-Caren-2-ol, 1,8-Cineole, γ-Terpinene, α-Terpinolene, Linalool, Isopulegol, Eucalyptol, Terpinen-4-ol, 2-Naphthalenol, (-)-Myrtenol, Verbenone, Terpine, α-Copaene, β-Caryophyllene, γ-Cadinene, Caryophyllene oxide) of which 6 compounds (α-Pinene, p-Cymene, Isopulegol, Eucalyptol, 2-Naphthalenol, Terpine) were in abundant. These compounds have been prospected for their molecular and biological properties in the present study.


Keywords: Rosmarinus officinalis; Rosemary Essential Oils (ROEO); GCMS; Bioprospecting; PBNPs

Keywords: Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary Essential Oils (ROEO), GCMS, Bioprospecting, PBNPs

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Author Biographies

A. Jeevalatha, Department of Zoology, GTN College, Dindigul, TamilNadu, India

Department of Zoology, GTN College, Dindigul, TamilNadu, India

R.V. Kalaimathi, Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

Afroze Naveed Basha, Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

C. Kandeepan, Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

Department of Zoology, Arulmigu Palani Andavar College of Arts & Culture, Palani-624601, TN, IN

S. Ramya, The Thavaram Trust, Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TamilNadu, India

The Thavaram Trust, Thiruppalai - 625014, Madurai, TamilNadu, India

T. Loganathan, Department of Plant Biology & Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri-601204, TN, IN

Department of Plant Biology & Biotechnology, LN Government College (A), Ponneri-601204, TN, IN

R. Jayakumararaj, Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai, TamilNadu, India

Department of Botany, Government Arts College, Melur – 625106, Madurai, TamilNadu, India

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1.
Jeevalatha A, Kalaimathi R, Basha A, Kandeepan C, Ramya S, Loganathan T, Jayakumararaj R. Profile of bioactive compounds in Rosmarinus officinalis. JDDT [Internet]. 15Jan.2022 [cited 19May2022];12(1):114-22. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5189

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