MOUTH DISSOLVING TABLETS: A REVIEW

Ashish Garg, M M Gupta

Abstract


Conventional dosage forms like tablets and capsules are now days facing the problems like dysphagia, resulting in the high incidence of non compliance and making the therapy ineffective. To obviate the problems associated with conventional dosage forms, mouth dissolving tablets have been developed having good hardness, dose uniformity, easy administration and serves as the first choice of dosage form for paediatrics, geriatrics and travelling patients. The MDTs were developed with an aim of having sufficient hardness, integrity and faster disintegration without water. Fast dissolving Tablets are disintegrating and/or dissolve rapidly in the saliva without the need for water. Some tablets are designed to dissolve in saliva remarkably fast, within a few seconds, and are true fast-dissolving tablets. Others contain agents to enhance the rate of tablet disintegration in the oral cavity, and are more appropriately termed fast-disintegrating tablets, as they may take up to a minute to completely disintegrate. This tablet format is designed to allow administration of an oral solid dose form in the absence of water or fluid intake. Such tablets readily dissolve or disintegrate in the saliva generally within <60 seconds.

Keywords: Mouth dissolving tablet, Disintegration, Patented technologies, Marketed MDTs  


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