Isolation and Screening of Fungal Culture Isolated From Algerian Soil for the Production of Cellulase and Xylanase
Lignocellulolytic enzymes constitute a very large group of extracellular proteins secreting by fungi who is ecologically involved in the degradation of a variety of complex materials, a property that is attributed to a battery of enzymes produced by these microorganisms like cellulases and xylanases who are of significant industrial value and relevance. Forty fungal isolated from rich soil in organic matter were screened for lignocellulolytic enzymes production, its organized on the basis of their hydrolytic potential of cellulose and xylan. The isolates strains presented enzymatic activity which was ranked as follows: cellulolytic (56%), xylanolytic (44%). Some selected strains that produce high levels of enzymes (cellulase, xylanase) grown in submerged fermentation (SmF) and were quantitatively evaluated. The fermentation experiments were carried out in shake flasks. The highest CMCase (5,10 IU/ml) and xylanase (98,25 IU/ml) activities were obtained from Trichoderma sp strain Mtr6 isolate.
Keywords: Fungi, Trichoderma sp, lignocellulolytic enzymes, soil, screening, organic matter.
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