In-vivo Evaluation and Characterization of Novel In-Situ Gelling System as Controlled Delivery System Containing Ciprofloxacin for Ocular Drug Delivery
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop the micro emulsion-based in situ gelling systems containing Ciprofloxacin for prophylaxis and treatment of the posterior segment diseases like endophthalmitis.
Methods: Ciprofloxacin was encapsulated in small droplets owing to form microemulsion, and then the formed droplets were dispersed in a polymer solution that converted into a gel upon triggered by the electrolyte present in the tear fluid.
Results: The formulation approach provides better absorption, penetration, retention, and improves the bioavailability of the drug. The average concentration reached into vitreous humor from topical microemulsion in situ gelling formulation was ~0.4 µg/ml, which is far more than the concentration required for therapeutic effect (i.e. >0.047 µg/ml or >MIC90 for S. Epidermidis, a pathogen commonly responsible to cause endophthalmitis).
Conclusion: Thus, novel micro emulsion-based in situ gelling formulation could be a potential drug delivery system for the treatment of posterior segment diseases like endophthalmitis.
Keywords: Microemulsion, ciprofloxacin, endophthalmitis, ocular, infection, in situ
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