Review on Antityrosinase Activity of Some Indian Medicinal Plants and their Phytoconstituents

  • Ruchi Gupta Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India
  • Rajiv Saxena Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India
  • Archana Patidar Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India
  • Yashu Chourasiya Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India
  • Neelesh Malviya Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Abstract

Tyrosinase (polyphenolic oxidase) is a multifunctional and copper containing enzyme. Tyrosinase is an enzyme which is responsible for melanin biosynthesis which is responsible for color of the skin. Melanin is synthesised in melanocyte cells by melanogenesis process.  Melanogenesis protects skin surface from harmful ultraviolet radiations. Melanin is mainly synthesized in plants, micro organisms and mammalian cells. Melanin pigment is responsible for hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation. When melanin is present in very less amount it causes local vitiligo and posttraumatic hypopigmentation. When melanin is present in very less amount it causes local vitiligo and posttraumatic hypopigmentation. Abnormal amount of melanin deposit in the specific sites of skin causes abnormal skin colored patches like solar lentigos, chloasma, freckles, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation etc. Tyrosinase is also responsible for color changes in fruits due to enzymatic reactions. Tyrosinase inhibitor compounds are used in cosmetics, food, agriculture science and also used in remedy for imbalance in pigmentations. Some Indian herbal plants and agents like Aloe barbedensis, Crocus sativus, Curcuma longa, Camellia sinensis, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Glycine max, Nelumbo nucifera, Hemidesmus indicus, Vitis Vinifera, Broussonetia papyrifera, resorcinol, arbutin, kojic acid, hydroquinone and ascorbic acid have antityrosinase enzymatic activity. So these plants and inhibitory agents are used in cosmetic industries due to their tyrosinase inhibitory effects or antityrosinase activity or antihyperpigmentation effects.


Keywords: Anti-hyperpimentation, Tyrosinase Inhibitor, Melanin, Herbal drugs.

Keywords: Anti-hyperpimentation, Tyrosinase Inhibitor, Melanin, Herbal drugs

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ruchi Gupta, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Rajiv Saxena, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Archana Patidar, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Yashu Chourasiya, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Neelesh Malviya, Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

Smriti College of Pharmaceutical Education, Indore (M.P.), India

References

1. Wang KH, Lin RD., Hus FL, Huang YH, Chang HC, Huang CY, Lee MH, “Cosmatic application of selected traditiol chinece herbal medicines” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2006;106:353-359.
2. Solano F, Briganti S, Picardo M, Ghanem G, “Hypopigmenting agent: an updated review on biological,chemical and clinical aspect” Pigment cell research, 2006; 19(6):550-71.
3. Imokawa G, Nordlund JJ, Boissy RE, Hearing VJ, King RA, Oetting WS, Ortonne JP.eds “Paracrine interactions of melanocytes in pigmentary disorders. In:The pigmentary system 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006; 421-44.
4. Kadono S, Manaka I, kawashima M, Kobayashi T, Imokawa G, “The role of the epidermal endothelin cascade in the hyperpigmentation mechanism of lentigo senilis” J Invest Dermatol, 2001; 116:571-577
5. Unver N, Freyschmidt-Paul, Horster S, Wenck H, Stab F,Blatt T et al. “Alteration in the epidermal-dermal melanin axis and factor XIIIa melanophages in senile lentigo and ageing skin” Br J Dermatol, 2006; 155:159-128.
6. Motakawa T, Matsunaga J, Tomita Y, “Messenger RNA levels of melanogenesis-associated genes in lentigo senilis lesions pigmentary disorder” Pig Cell Res, 2005; 17:96-110.
7. Kang HY, Hwang JS, Lee JY, Ahn JH, Kim JY, Lee ES et al. “The dermal stem cell factor and c-kit are overexpressed in melasma” Br J Dermatol, 2006; 154:1094-1099.
8. Gilchrest BA, Park HY, Eller MS, Yaar M, “The photobiology of the tanning respons. In: the pigmentary system” 1st ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998; 359-372.
9. Abdel MZ, Kadekaro AL, Nordlund JJ, Boissy RE, Hearing VJ, King RA, Oetting WS, Ortonne JP. eds “Human pigmentation: its regulation by ultraviolet light and by endocrine, paracrine and autocrine faction. The pigmentary system” 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006; 410-420.
10. Sriwiriyanont P, Ohuchi A, Hachiya A, Visscher MO, Boissy RE, “ Interaction between stem cell factor and endothelin-1: effect on melanogenesis in human skin xenografts” Lab Invest, 2006; 86:1115-1125.
11. Halder RM, Nordlund JJ, “Topical treatment of pigmentary disorders The pigmentary system” 2nd ed, Malden, MA, Blackwell Publishing, 2006; 1165-1174.
12. Boissy RE, “ Melanosome transfer to and translocation in the Keratinocyte” Exp Dermatol, 2003; 12s:5-12.
13. Nakayama H, Ebihara T, Satoh N, Jinnai T. “Depigmentation agents. In: Cosmeceuticals and active cosmetics” Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2005; 185–205.
14. Ortonne JP, Donald L, “Bissett Latest Insights into Skin Hyperpigmentation Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings” 2008; 13:10–14.
15. Land EJ, Ramsden CA, Riley PA, “Toxicological aspects of melanin and melanogenesis, The pigmentary system second” Malden ,MA, Blackwell Publishing 2006; 354-394
16. Yagi A, Kanbara T, Morinobu N. “Inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase by Aloe extract” Plant Med, 1987; 53:515-517.
17. Jin YH, Lee SJ, Chung MH, Park JH, Park YI, Cho TH, Lee SK, “Aloesin and arbutin inhibit tyrosinase activity in a synergistic manner via a different actionmechanism” Arch. Pharm. Res. 1999; 22:232–236.
18. Choi S, Lee SK, Kim JE, Chung MH, Park YI. “Aloesin inhibits hyperpigmentation induced by UV radiation” Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 2002; 27:513–515
19. Kubo I, Kinst-Hori I, “Flavonols from saffron flower: tyrosinase inhibitory activity and inhibition mechanism” J. Agric. Food Chem. 1999; 47:4121–4125.
20. Patil S, Srinivas S, Jadhav J. “Evaluation of crocin and curcumin affinity on mushroom tyrosinase using surface plasmon resonance” Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2014; 65:163–166.
21. Dixit U, Goyal VC. “Traditional Knowledge from and for elderly. Indian” J. Tradit. Knowl, 2011; 10(3):429–438.
22. Du ZY, Jiang YF, Tang ZK, Mo RQ, Xue GH, Lu YJ, Zheng X, Dong, CZ, Zhang K. “Antioxidation and tyrosinase inhibition of polyphenolic curcuminanalogs” Biosci.Biotechnol. Biochem, 2011; 75:2351–2358.
23. Mukherjee PK, “Evidence-Based Validation of Herbal Medicine” Elsevier, USA, 2015; 119–148.
24. Prasad E, Hameeda B, Rao AB, Reddy G, “Biotransformation of curcumin for improved biological activity and antiproliferative activity on acute HT-29 human cell lines” Indian J. Biotechnol, 2014; 13:324–329.
25. Sato K, Toriyama M, “Depigmenting effect of catechins. Molecules” 2009; 14(11):4425–4432.
26. Yokota T, Nishio H, Kubota Y, Mizoguchi M, “The inhibitory effect of glabridin from licorice extracts on melanogenesis and inflammation” Pigment. Cell Res, 1998; 11:355–361.
27. Correa CR, Li L, Aldini G, Carini M, Chen CYO, Chun HK, Cho SM, Park KM, Russell RM, Blumberg JB, Yeum KJ. “Composition and stability of phytochemicals in five varieties of black soybeans (Glycine max)” Food Chem, 2010; 123:1176–1184.
28. Paine C, Sharlow E, Liebel F, “An alternative approach to depigmentation by soybean extracts via inhibition of the PAR-2 pathway” J. Invest. Dermatol, 2001; 116:587–595.
29. Paudel KR, Panth N, “Phytochemical profile and biological activity of Nelumbo nucifera” Evid. Complement. Alternat. Med, 2015; 789124.
30. Mehta NR, Patel EP, Patani PV, Shah, “NelumboNucifera (Lotus): A Review on Ethanobotany, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology” Indian J. Pharm. Biol. Res, 2013; 1:152–167.
31. Kim T, Kim HJ, Cho SK, Kang WY, Baek H, Jeon HY, Kim B, Kim D. “Nelumbonucifera extracts as whitening and anti-wrinkle cosmetic agent” Korean J.Chem. Eng, 2011; 28:424–427.
32. Hsu CK, Chou ST, Huang PJ, Mong MC, Wang CK, Hsueh YP, Jhan JK, “Crude ethanol extracts from grape seeds and peels exhibit anti-tyrosinase activity” J. Cosmet. Sci, 2012; 63:225–232.
33. Ribeiro AS, Estanqueiro M, Oliveira M, Lobo JMS, “Main benefits and applicability of plant extracts in skin care products” Cosmetics 2015; 2:48–65.
34. Jain SK, Medicinal Plants. National Book Trust, New Delhi, 1994; 95–96.
35. Das S, Bisht SS, “The bioactive and therapeutic potential of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. (Indian Sarsaparilla) root” Phytother. Res, 2013; 27:791–801.
36. Kundu A, Mitra A, “Evaluating tyrosinase (monophenolase) inhibitory activity from fragrant roots of Hemidesmus indicus for potent use in herbal products” Ind.Crops Prod, 2014; 52:394–399.
37. Zheng ZP, Cheng K W, Chao J, Wu J, Wang M, “Tyrosinase inhibitors from paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)” Food Chem, 2008; 106:529–535.
38. Chun W, Li, Xu, Yuancheng W, Hu, C, Xianzhi H, “Determination of total polyphenol content and antityrosinase capacity of mulberrymedicine (Morus nigra L.) extract” Afr. J. Biotechnol, 2011; 10:16175–16180.
39. Wenyuan Zhu Jie Gao, “The Use of Botanical Extracts as Topical Skin-Lightening Agents for the Improvementof Skin Pigmentation Disorders, Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings, 2008; 13.
40. Wu B, Zhang X, Wu X, “New lignan glucosides with tyrosinase inhibitory activities from exocarp of Castanea henryi” Carbohydr. Res., 2012, 355:45–49.
41. Wu X, Yin S, Zhong J, Ding W, Wan J, Xie Z . “Mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors from Aloe barbadensis Miller” Fitoterapia, 2012; 83:1706–1711.
Statistics
0 Views | 0 Downloads
How to Cite
1.
Gupta R, Saxena R, Patidar A, Chourasiya Y, Malviya N. Review on Antityrosinase Activity of Some Indian Medicinal Plants and their Phytoconstituents. JDDT [Internet]. 15Oct.2020 [cited 21Oct.2020];10(5-s):199-04. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4330