N-Acetylcystein has Potential Effect to Reduce Haematological Abnormalities in HIV/AIDS Patients Undergoing ARV Treatment
Aims: to determine the effect of NAC administration on hematological abnormalities in HIV/AIDS patients who are undergoing ARV treatment.
Method: This was a pilot study using a double blind randomized clinical trial. A total of 32 subjects who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups, namely placebo and NAC. Subjects in the NAC group were given NAC at a dose of 3x200 mg/day, while the placebo group was given lactose at a dose of 3x200 mg/day. Each group was given treatment for 12 weeks. Before and after treatment, subjects were examined for hematologic parameters.
Results: Most of subjects had normal hematological features. NAC administration did not have a significant effect on the mean levels of Hb, Ht, number of erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets (p> 0.05). However, NAC administration can reduce the degree of anemia and improve the condition of thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and lymphopenia.
Conclusion: NAC administration can reduce hematological abnormalities HIV/AIDS patients undergoing ARV treatment.
Keywords: ARV, Hematological abnormalities, HIV/AIDS, NAC.
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