A Review on Pharmacological Aspects of Pyrimidine Derivatives
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine. One of the three diazines (six-membered heterocyclics with two nitrogen atoms in the ring), it has the nitrogens at positions 1 and 3 in the ring. Pyrimidines are typically synthesized by the “Principal Synthesis” involving cyclization of beta-dicarbonyl compounds with N-C-N compounds. Reaction of the former with amidines to give 2-substituted pyrimidines, with urea to give 2-pyrimidiones, and guanidines to give 2-aminopyrimidines are typical. Pyrimidines can be prepared via the biginelli reaction. Many other methods rely on condensation of carbonyls with diamines for instance the synthesis of 2-Thio-6-methyluracil from thiouria and ethyl acetoacetate or the synthesis of 4-methylpyrimidine with 4, 4-dimethoxy-2-butanone and formamide. Pyrimidine derivatives show antimicrobial activity, anticancer activity, anti-inflammatory activity, antidiabetic, and analgesic activity.1.
Keywords: Pyrimidine derivatives, Synthesis, derivatives and pharmacological activities.
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