Prevention and Management of Postpartum Complications in Sows: The Case of Matoto, Guinea
One of the most common diseases that affects sows after parturition is mastitis. In other cases, it is a swelling of the breasts or a case of vulvitis or vaginitis. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of postpartum complications in sows and establish treatment management and preventive measures. Bacteriology analysis showed that the prevalence of mastitis was significantly higher for mastitis. Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp have been identified as bacterial pathogens. Prevalence rates were significantly higher in primiparous sows (3.78% of mastitis; 1.4% to 0.7% of vaginitis and vulvitis) than in multiparous animals (0.72% of mastitis; 0.3% of vaginitis and 0 , 06% of vulvitis). In the Matoto municipality, mastitis in sows manifests as edema of the breast and is known as one of the main pathologies affecting the females after giving birth. These data demonstrate the appearance of postpartum complications which should attract the attention of researchers and pig breeders for better exploitation of pig farming.
Keywords: complications, postpartum, sows, Guinea Conakry.
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