Comparative Qualitative Phytochemical Analysis of the Different Parts of Tinospora crispa: A Contribution to Sustainable Use of the Plant Species
The plant screening for phytochemical constituents seems to have the potential to act as a source of useful drugs and cures many infections as a result of the presence of various bioactive compounds that evident to have enormous activity against array human pathogens. The objective of the study was to undertake a comparative qualitative phytochemical analysis of the different parts of Tinospora crispa (T. crispa), a traditional herb used against several diseases. The different parts of T. crispa were extracted using maceration method. The results of phytochemical screening indicated that T. crispa contains alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids and terpenoids. The TLC profiles of samples, depicted through the Rf values of resolved compound bands and the solvent system selected for the best results of TLC was Toluene: Ethyl acetate: Formic acid (7:5:1) and (5:4:1) for gallic acid and quercetin respectively. The study will provide referential information for the correct identification of the bioactive compounds and a suitable solvent system for separation of those compounds from the T. crispa. These findings suggested that T. crispa leaves and flower extract could be a potential source of drugs which in future may serve for the production of synthetically improved therapeutic agents.
Keywords: Tinospora crispa, Phytochemical screening, TLC profiles, Gallic acid, Quercetin
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