Formulation, Characterization and Antihelminthic Activity Testing of Nitazoxanide Superporous Hydrogel Tablets
In the pharmaceutical field controlled release products have the ability to maintain desired medicament concentration or a longer period of time. Certain drugs are relatively insoluble in water and have high dose requirements that render unsuitable formulation difficulties in sustained release formulations. Nitazoxanide which is a high dose water insoluble antiprotozoal drug was formulated with the aim. To modulate gastro-retentive dosage form based on the superporous hydrogel composites. Foaming technique was used in the preparation of SPH composites. The superporous hydrogels were extremely sensitive to pH of swelling media and good porosity. Superporous hydrogels tablets of nitazoxanide showed good pre-compressional and post-compressional properties. Formulation X is the best formulation containing chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol, formaldehyde, exhibited good swelling ratio. The compatibility studies were performed by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopic Studies, Differential Scanning Calorimetry Studies (DSC). All formulations were evaluated for stability, drug content, and kinetic drug release & in-vitro drug release profile. It was concluded that the proposed gastro-retention drug delivery provides a different supply of nitazoxanide directly to the stomach.
Keywords: Nitazoxanide, Anti protozoal, foaming technique, Chitosan
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