Assessment of Self-Care Practices among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in a Secondary Care Teaching Hospital

  • Jeeba Chinnappan Student
  • Athira KP
  • Faheem Iqbal
  • Jasna V
  • Purnima Ashok
  • Rini Susan Varghese

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is one of the major health problems worldwide that can be effectively managed by good self-care activities like medication adherence, exercise, monitoring of blood glucose, foot care and diet. Objectives: The study assessed the self-care activities of diabetic patients using summary of diabetes self-care activities scale (SDSCA) and the variables (Age, gender, educational level, socioeconomic status (SES)) associated with it. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken in 400 Type 2 diabetic patients. Self-care practices of the patients were evaluated by using SDSCA and correlation with variables were determined statistically. Results: Among 400 diabetic patients about 215 (53.75%) had an average score of self-care. Self-care was poor in 184 (46%) subjects, and only 1 subject (0.25%) scored good. Blood sugar monitoring was the highest (100%) followed by medication adherence (92.75%) whereas inadequate levels of self-care were reported in foot care (1.5%), and physical activity (31.5%) domains. A significant positive correlation was found between self-care practices and socio-demographic variables such as age (r=0.298, p=0.000), income (r=0.490, p=0.000) occupation (r=0.433, p=0.000), education (r=0.582, p=0.000), and Socio-Economic status (r=0.599, p=0.000). Conclusion: The study revealed higher level of adherence to self-care activities in terms of blood sugar monitoring and medication taking behaviour in the current setting, but self-care in other domains such as foot care is critically low. Age, education and Socio-Economic status seems to affect the self-care practice by the patients.


Keywords:  Diabetes, Diabetes self- care, Diabetic foot care, Summary of diabetes self-care activities (SDSCA) score.

Keywords: Diabetes, Diabetic foot care, Summary of diabetes self-care activities (SDSCA) score

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Chinnappan J, KP A, Iqbal F, V J, Ashok P, Varghese R. Assessment of Self-Care Practices among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in a Secondary Care Teaching Hospital. JDDT [Internet]. 15May2020 [cited 6Jun.2020];10(3):119-24. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/4098