LORNOXICAM: A REVIEW OF ITS THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL IN DIFFERENT CLINICAL STUDIES
Lornoxicam is a member of the oxicam group of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), producing analgesic and antipyretic effects Â through the non-selective inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase-1 and -2. Besides its inhibitory effect on COX1 and COX-2 peripheral receptors, is also increases endogenous dinorphin and beta-endorphin levels promoting central analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, lornoxicam has been introduced in Indian market in oral, intravenous and intramuscular formulations. Â Lornoxicam is completely absorbed after oral administration, reaching peak plasma concentrations of 280 mg/L within 2.5 hours after a 4 mg dose. Â After intramuscular injection maximum plasma concentrations are achieved after approximately 20-25 minutes. Lornoxicam is extensively metabolished in liver by cytochrome P4502DC9 to inactive metabolite 5â€™-hydroxy-lornoxicam. The mean elimination half life is 3 to 4 hours. There is plenty of literature available on the effect of lornoxicam on chronic and acute pain management. These preliminary finding require confirmation in further comparative studies.
Key words:- lornoxicam, analgesic, anti inflammatory drugs.
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