Role of Dietotherapy in Lifestyle disorders: An overview
Objective: The aim of the present study to evaluate the role of dietotherapy in lifestyle disorders.
Background: The incidence of lifestyle disorders like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and obesity associated with cardiovascular diseases is high on the rise. Cardiovascular disorders continue to be the major cause of mortality, representing about 30% of all death worlds wide. In the Unani System of Medicine (USM) of lifestyle, the disorder is the diseases that arise from the imbalance in asbabe- sitta-zarooriya over a long period.
The management of the diseases in USM is largely based on the holistic approach. Four modes of treatment are employed, such as regimental therapy, dietotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. The dietotherapy is one of the most important non-medical therapy in which treatment is done through modulation in dietary habit which is necessary for the prevention and control of diseases. The principle aim of dietotherapy is to maintain nutritional needs according to the demand of the body and avoid drugs as it is not considered to be part of the body and produce adverse reactions.
Conclusion: The rationale for dietotherapy is that lifestyle disorder brought about by a faulty diet can be reversed or reduced by changes to this diet. Dietotherapy involves recommending a specific diet which is the simplest and most natural course of treatment by USM.
Keywords: Lifestyle disorders, dietotherapy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, unani system of medicine (USM)
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