Optimization of the Yield Extraction of Essential Thyme Oil through Response Surface Method (RSM)

  • Fadila Ayati Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie
  • Saida Touzoirt Département de Génie des procédés, Faculté de Technologie, université M’Hamed Bougara, Boumerdes, Algérie
  • Lila Aomari Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie
  • Chabha Sehaki Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie

Abstract

The objective of this study is the optimization of the extraction yield of essential Thyme capitatus oil using hydrodistillation Clevenger in order to industrialize the scale and increase the extrapolation possibility. The optimal conditions are determined using central composite designs (CCD). Nine runs were performed by varying the extraction time and the plant material form (i.e. ground and unground). The ratio of the mass/volume was considered constant during the experiments.  The optimum yield was obtained for unground form with 1.6078% during one hour of extraction. The results of the extracted oil showed that the relative density values and the refractive index comply with international standards


Keywords: hydrodistillation Clevenger, essential oil, Thymus capitatus, optimization, experimental design.

Keywords: hydrodistillation Clevenger, Thymus capitatus, experimental design

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Fadila Ayati, Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie

Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie  

Saida Touzoirt, Département de Génie des procédés, Faculté de Technologie, université M’Hamed Bougara, Boumerdes, Algérie

Département de Génie des procédés, Faculté de Technologie, université M’Hamed Bougara, Boumerdes, Algérie

Lila Aomari, Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie

Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie  

Chabha Sehaki, Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie

Département de chimie, Université Mouloud Mammeri de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 Tizi-Ouzou, Algérie  

References

1. BOULAGHMEN F et al, Composition chimique et activité antimicrobienne de l’huile essentielle extraite de tyhmus guyonii de Noe d’Aflou-Algérie, Revue Agrobiologia, 2018; 8(1):853-862.
2. Rao J et al., Improving the Efficacy of Essential Oils as Antimicrobials in Foods: Mechanisms of Action. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, 2019; 10
3. HENI S et al, Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Thymus ciliatus growing wild in North Eastern Algeria, Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 2015; 5(12):056-060.
4. Messara Y. et al., Chemical Composition, Antibacterial, and Antifungal activities of the Essential Oil of Thymus numidicus Poiret from Algeria, Phytothérapie, 2018; 16:163-168.
5. Wauquier J.P., P.T., Le développement des procédés de raffinage et petrochimie. Technip. Paris; 1975.
6. Herzi N. et al, Comparison of different methods for extraction from Tetraclinis articulata: Yield, chemical composition and antioxidant activity, Food Chemistry, 2013; 141(4):3537-3545
7. Sahraoui. N.et al, Optimisation par plan d’expériences de l’extraction de l’huile essentielle du (thymus pallescens). International Journal of Scientific Research & Engineering Technology, 2016; 85-93
8. Fadil M. et al, Optimisation des paramètres influençant l’hydrodistillation de Rosmarinus officinalis L. par la méthodologie de surface de réponse. J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 2015; 6(8):2346-2357
9. Olugbenga et al., Optimization of oil and pectin extraction from orange (Citrus sinensis) peels: a response surface approach. Journal of Analytical Science and Technology, 2018.
10. Goupy J., la méthode des plans d’expériences, optimisation. Edt. Bordas, Paris; 1988.
11. Saidj F, Extraction des essences du thymus numedius kabylliica. Doctoral thesis, 2007, University M'hamed Bougara, Boumerdès, Algiers.
12. Roger et al., Effet du séchage de la matière végétale sur la composition chimique de l'huile essentielle de Ocimum basilicum L., Science et technique, Sciences appliquées et technologies, Vol. 1, n° 2, 2007.
13. Majdi A. et al., Tissue-specific gene-expression patterns of genes associated with thymol/carvacrol biosynthesis in thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their differential changes upon treatment with abiotic elicitors, Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017; 115:152-162
14. Ghorab H et al., Comparative compositions of essential oils of Thymus growing in various soils and climates of North Africa. J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 2014; 5(1)):298-303.
15. Saidj F, et al., Chemical Composition and Insecticidal Properties of Thymus numidicus (Poiret) Essential Oil from Algeria, Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 2008; 11(4):397-405.
16. AFNOR, « Recueil de normes: les huiles essentielles. Tome 2. Monographies relatives aux huiles essentielles »., AFNOR, : Paris,. 2000; 661-663.
17. SAPORTA, J.-J.D.J.F.G., «Plans d’expériences - Applications à l’entreprise ».(1997)
18. Fisher RA, Statical method for research work.. (1925),
19. Abdellatif D, Influence du mode d'extraction et des conditions de conservation sur la composition des huiles essentielles de thym et de basilic, in Biologie cellulaire et moléculaire. Sciences des aliments. Montpellier 2, 1986.
20. Belmalha S. et al, Caractérisation chimiques de certaines espèces de thym Marocain du Moyen Atlas (région de Midelt), Global Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research, 2015 ; 3(2):43-52.
21. Fatiha A et al., Composition chimique et activité antimicrobienne des huiles essentielles de Thymus algeriensis Boiss. & Reut. et Thymus ciliatus (Desf.) Benth. du Maroc, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ, 2010; 14((1)):141-148.
Statistics
6 Views | 10 Downloads
How to Cite
1.
Ayati F, Touzoirt S, Aomari L, Sehaki C. Optimization of the Yield Extraction of Essential Thyme Oil through Response Surface Method (RSM). JDDT [Internet]. 15Feb.2020 [cited 27Feb.2020];10(1-s):154-8. Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/3886