Anatomical Perspective of Ancient Ayurveda: A Comparative Review Amongst Ayurveda Samhita’s
Anatomy is one of the oldest modality of medical system and enough facts are available in ancient India regarding the practice and knowledge of anatomical science. It is believed that the ancient Indian scientist explored important and essential knowledge of practical anatomy. The concept of surface anatomy came in practice from the knowledge of cave paintings of animals presented with critical area of animal body. The Rigveda is one of the Vedas along with three others; Yajur, Sama and Atharva encompass knowledge about lungs, heart, stomach and kidneys. The Atharva Veda described about medicinal herbs and plants, Atharva Veda also refers about Dhamanis as ducts equivalent to arteries and Siras as ducts equivalent to veins. Similarly other ayurveda or ancient texts provides great knowledge about the human anatomy and physiology. Present article summarizes ayurveda perspective on traditional Indian knowledge about the human body.
Keywords: Ayurveda, Samhita, Anatomy and Physiology.
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