Long-term maintenance therapy with Cyclosporine A in adults with generalized pustular psoriasis
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare and serious immune-mediated skin disorder that is characterized by a widespread eruption of sterile and subcorneal pustules. In the present study we investigated the efficacy of Cyclosporine A (Cy A) in treatment of 9 adults with drug-refractory GPP viz. topical Corticosteroids, retinoids, methotrexate and narrow-band ultraviolet light exposure (UVB). Initially; they were resuscitated as burn patients. Cy A was administered on day 1 at a dose of 100 mg twice daily either in the form of syrup or Neoral capsules. In most patients, skin lesions had healed by 6 weeks and the dose of Cy A was reduced to minimum to prevent further recurrence. Seven patients had required 50 mg twice daily and 2 were controlled with 50 mg am and 25 mg pm. On follow up, there was no serious relapse, liver and kidney disease. Minor complications included; hirsutism and dark skin (n: 5) and gingival hyperplasia (n: 2). Trial to replace Cy A with Tacrolimus (Prograf) failed to maintain remission. In conclusion; Cy A is a safe and effective treatment for GPP.
Keywords: Cyclosporin A, treatment, psoriasis, pustular.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).