Inhibition and Exploration of Bisphenol-A in Albino Mice: Endocrine Disrupting Agent
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic compound with the chemical formula C15H16O2 and is made from phenol and acetone. It is a colorless solid that is soluble in organic solvents, but poorly soluble in water, having two phenol functional groups, it is used to make polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, along with other materials used to make plastics. Polycarbonate plastic is made by reacting BPA with phosgene. The mitochondrial toxicity was estimated by the assay of mitochondrial marker enzymes, by measuring the level of lipid peroxidation, GSH levels and levels of other antioxidant enzymes such as GPx, GR and SOD. Respiratory function of testicular mitochondria appears particularly susceptible to xenobiotic actions, which can contribute to a decrease in mitochondrial produced ATP and even to predispose cells to undergo mitochondria-mediated cell death. Our study showed that exposure to BPA induces significant oxidative stress in testicular mitochondria in mice and melatonin scavenges the free radicals. Human exposure to BPA is due to its widespread use, along with reproductive and developmental effects reported in animal study have generated considerable attention on this chemical in recent years. These aspects need further investigation in properly conducted studies with a wide dose range of BPA.
Keywords: Bisphenol A, Lipid Peroxidation, Antioxidant enzymes and EDCs.
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