Study of Patients’ awareness and their perspective about diabetic disorder in T2DM patients: A descriptive study
Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disorder is mostly related to the sedentary life style of subjects. Awareness of diabetes disorder among diabetics plays a crucial role in its management.
Aims & Objectives: To study the awareness of diabetes disorder, its complications and management among T2DM patients.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study done among T2DM patients who visited the OPD of department of Medicine at GGS Hospital, Faridkot (in a rural area of Punjab-India). A pretested proforma contained questionnaire related to the awareness/ knowledge to diabetic disorders, its complications and management was distributed among 300 subjects and their response was analyzed.
Results: 235 patients responded (78.33%) to the pretested proforma. Males and females were 48.08% and 51.92% respectively. 25.53% subjects were illiterate. Lack of knowledge about diabetic disorders in 79.57%, duration of treatment in 73.61%, their complications in 74.89%, modification of diet in 40%, their body care/cleanliness in 62.55% and leaving of medication in 76.17% were seen. A habit of taking other indigenous / complimentary medicines was also seen in 40.43% of cases along with conventional antidiabetic therapy.
Conclusion: Most of the diabetic patients had lack of knowledge about diabetic disorders, its complications and management. They also left the medicine in midway of treatment and had developed signs & symptoms of hyperglycemia. A good number of patients also took indigenous products to treat their disease. They also didn’t follow the life style modification measures appropriately. Therefore, adequate awareness/knowledge should be provided to all the diabetic patients to manage diabetic disorder in a better way.
Keywords: Knowledge, Perspectives, Complications, Life style modification, Complementary & Alternative medicine (CAM), Medication compliance & Adherence.
2. Deepa M, Bhansali A, Anjana RM, Pradeepa R, Joshi SR, Joshi PP, et al. Knowledge and awareness of diabetes in urban and rural India: The Indian Council of Medical Research India Diabetes Study (Phase I): Indian Council of Medical Research India Diabetes 4, Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism, 2014; 18:3: 379-85.
3. Al-Sarihin KK, Bani-Khaled MH, Haddad FH, Althwabia II. Diabetes Knowledge among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus at King Hussein Hospital, JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL MEDICAL SERVICES, 2012; 19(1):72-77.
4. Muninarayana C, Balachandra G, Hiremath SG, Iyengar K, Anil NS. Prevalence and awareness regarding diabetes mellitus in rural Tamaka, Kolar, International journal of diabetes in developing countries, 2010, 30; 1: 18-21.
5. Zhuang Q, Wu L, Lu Y, Du J, Guo G. Awareness and intervention status of prediabetes among Chinese adults: implications from a community-based investigation, International Journal of Clinical Experiment Medicine, 2015; 8; 3:4480-4486.
6. Yalamala, S, Suh, EE. The Level of Diabetes Knowledge and Related Factors among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Hyderabad, India, Korean Journal Adult Nursing. 2018, 30; 4: 447-454. Viewed 12 Dec. 2018.
7. Shrestha N, Yadav SB, Joshi AM, Patel BDP, Shrestha J, Bharkher DL. Diabetes knowledge and associated factors among diabetes patients in Central Nepal, International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health, 2015, 7; 5: 82-89.
8. AL-Thani Al-Anoud, Farghaly A, Akram H, Khalifa SE, Vinodson B, Loares A, Abou-Samra AB. Knowledge and Perception of Diabetes and Available Services among Diabetic Patients in the State of Qatar, Central Asian Journal of Global Health, 2019; 8;1:1-14. viewed 29 January 2019
9. Benil V, Dheepan, Nayagam BD. Awareness and knowledge of diabetes mellitus among diabetic patients in Puducherry, India. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 2017, 6;5: 1211-1214. Viewed on 29 January
10. Mudhaliar MR, Ghouse ISM, Uppara V, Yesupogu M, Asavadi D, Chinnakotla V, Suneel Babu CHV. Association between socioeconomic status and diabetes in rural settings of India. International Journal of Green Pharmacy, Jan-Mar 2017 (Suppl), 11;1: S144-148
11. Centre for disease Control and Prevention, Diabetes & Mental Health, viewed 29 September 2018, https://cdc.gov/diabetes/library/spotlights/diabetes_and_kidneys.html.>
12. Kaur K, Singh MM, Kumar, Walia I. Knowledge and self‑care practices of diabetics in a resettlement colony of Chandigarh. Indian J Med Sci, 1998; 52:341-7.
13. Grossman, Loren D. Roscoe R, Shack AR. ‘Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Diabetes’, Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 2018, 42; 1: S154 - S161.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).